Its collection of over 3,000 items includes works by Picasso, Giacometti and Dubuffet. [13], All lord mayors of Copenhagen have belonged to the Social Democratic party.[11]. The City of Copenhagen is working on a pilot project to include ambulance data in order to form a more accurate picture of cyclist traffic safety. [137][183] Copenhagen Fashion Week, the largest fashion event in Northern Europe, takes place every year in February and August. Copenhagen is rich in companies and institutions with a focus on research and development within the field of biotechnology,[117] and the Medicon Valley initiative aims to strengthen this position and to promote cooperation between companies and academia. Educational institutions have also gained importance, especially the University of Copenhagen with its 35,000 students. to Helsingør (The Coast Line (Kystbanen) northbound) and Stevns Municipality (East Line (from Køge);southbound) along the Øresund. [113], Several financial institutions and banks have headquarters in Copenhagen, including Alm. Renewable energy features such as solar panels are becoming increasingly common in the newest buildings in Copenhagen. This can however lead to serious congestion in rush hour traffic. By 2025, 75% of trips should be made on foot, by bike, or by using public transit. [22], By 1661, Copenhagen had asserted its position as capital of Denmark and Norway. [189] The Danish Design Museum is housed in the 18th-century former Frederiks Hospital and displays Danish design as well as international design and crafts. The Lord Mayor is chair of the City Council. [7] [66], The beaches are supplemented by a system of Harbour Baths along the Copenhagen waterfront. After further disasters in the early 19th century when Horatio Nelson attacked the Dano-Norwegian fleet and bombarded the city, rebuilding during the Danish Golden Age brought a Neoclassical look to Copenhagen's architecture. On Absalon's death, the property was to come into the ownership of the Bishopric of Roskilde. This, according to the city´s town plan “City of Copenhagen, Municipal Plan 2019 – A globally responsible city”, which determines the city’s strategy from 2019 until 2031. [182] This is a result of huge investments in infrastructure and culture as well as the work of successful new Danish architects, designers and chefs. [36] The devastation was so great because Copenhagen relied on an old defence-line whose limited range could not reach the British ships and their longer-range artillery. But in August 1943, after the government's collaboration with the occupation forces collapsed, several ships were sunk in Copenhagen Harbor by the Royal Danish Navy to prevent their use by the Germans. The apparent decline since the mid-1900s are due to the figures not including the suburban and urban areas - notably Frederiksberg - outside Copenhagen municipality. Copenhagen is home to the University of Copenhagen, the Technical University of Denmark, Copenhagen Business School and the IT University of Copenhagen. Brand, Danske Bank, Nykredit and Nordea Bank Danmark. [171] The district stretches from Nørrebro to the waterfront where The Little Mermaid statue can be seen from the promenade known as Langelinie. [201], Most of Denmarks's major publishing houses are based in Copenhagen. [262] The Øresund train links Copenhagen with Malmö 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Copenhagen has several recurring community festivals, mainly in the summer. [118], Shipping is another import sector with Maersk, the world's largest shipping company, having their world headquarters in Copenhagen. The new municipal plan promises to keep Copenhagen open, tolerant, diverse and green. [286] Kristeligt Dagblad is based in Copenhagen and is published six days a week. During the second half of the century, the city prospered from increased trade across the Baltic supported by Dutch shipping. Copenhagen Municipality was one of the three last Danish municipalities not belonging to a county, the others being Frederiksberg Municipality and Bornholm. Møller-Mærsk, Novo Nordisk, Carlsberg and Novozymes. Known as the Øresund Region, it has 3.8 million inhabitants (of whom 2.5 million live in the Danish part of the region). Since the turn of the 21st century, Copenhagen has seen strong urban and cultural development, facilitated by investment in its institutions and infrastructure. [73], According to Statistics Denmark, the urban area of Copenhagen (Hovedstadsområdet) consists of the municipalities of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg, Albertslund, Brøndby, Gentofte, Gladsaxe, Glostrup, Herlev, Hvidovre, Lyngby-Taarbæk, Rødovre, Tårnby and Vallensbæk as well as parts of Ballerup, Rudersdal and Furesø municipalities, along with the cities of Ishøj and Greve Strand. City of Copenhagen . Of clubs playing in the "highest" leagues, there are Ajax, Ydun, and HIK (Hellerup). The area was developed by Christian IV in the early 17th century. Copenhagen’s New Waste Plan 24. While a number of the earlier theatres are now closed, the Betty Nansen Theatre and Aveny-T are still active. According to Statistics Denmark, Copenhagen's urban area has a larger population of 1,280,371 (as of 1 January 2016[update]). [175] The wide tree-lined avenue of Frederiksberg Allé connecting Vesterbrogade with the Frederiksberg Gardens has long been associated with theatres and entertainment. German leader Adolf Hitler hoped that Denmark would be "a model protectorate"[45] and initially the Nazi authorities sought to arrive at an understanding with the Danish government. [125], In 2010, it is estimated that city break tourism contributed to DKK 2 billion in turnover. [164] The Tycho Brahe Planetarium is located on the edge of Skt. Several historians consider this battle the first terror attack against a major European city in modern times. Located near Copenhagen Airport, it currently boasts one of the largest malls in Scandinavia and a variety of office and residential buildings as well as the IT University and a high school. With a number of bridges connecting the various districts, the cityscape is characterised by parks, promenades, and waterfronts. As of 1 January 2020, the city had a population of 794,128 with 632,340 in Copenhagen Municipality, 104,305 in Frederiksberg Municipality, 42,989 in Tårnby Municipality, and 14,494 in Dragør Municipality. The defences were further enhanced with the completion of the Citadel in 1664 and the extension of Christianshavns Vold with its bastions in 1692, leading to the creation of a new base for the fleet at Nyholm. [132] Børsen on Slotsholmen and Frederiksborg Palace in Hillerød are prominent examples of the Dutch Renaissance style in Copenhagen. Recent years have seen a boom in modern architecture in Copenhagen[137] both for Danish architecture and for works by international architects. The 1943 Danish parliamentary election was also allowed to take place, with only the Communist Party excluded. Smart city operations in Copenhagen are maintained by Copenhagen Solutions Lab, the city's official smart-city development unit under the Technical and Environmental Administration. The council is chaired by the Lord Mayor—currently Frank Jensen—who oversees the civic duties of the fifty-five representatives of the council. A costly mistake for the city of Copenhagen. [259] October 2013 was a record month with 2.2 million passengers, and November 2013 figures reveal that the number of passengers is increasing by some 3% annually, about 50% more than the European average. [61] Then come the late-19th- and early-20th-century residential neighbourhoods of Østerbro, Nørrebro, Vesterbro and Amagerbro. [251], Copenhagen has several handball teams—a sport which is particularly popular in Denmark. [70] Exceptional weather conditions can bring as much as 50 cm of snow to Copenhagen in a 24-hour period during the winter months[71] while summer temperatures have been known to rise to heights of 33 °C (91 °F). Adopted by Council in 2009, the MDP aims to build a city where Calgarians can choose from a variety of housing types in numerous unique communities. The area known as Frederiksstaden, developed by Frederik V in the second half of the 18th century in the Rococo style, has the four mansions of Amalienborg, the royal residence, and the wide-domed Marble Church at its centre. Neighbourhoods of Copenhagen include Slotsholmen, Frederiksstaden, Islands Brygge, Holmen, Christiania, Carlsberg, Sluseholmen, Sydhavn, Amagerbro, Ørestad, Nordhavnen, Bellahøj, Brønshøj, Ryparken, and Vigerslev. Beginning in the 17th century, it consolidated its position as a regional centre of power with its institutions, defences, and armed forces. This festival focuses on indie counterculture, experimental pop music and left field music combined with visual arts exhibitions. CMP annually receives about 8,000 ships and handled some 148,000 TEU in 2012. [47], On 8 May 1945 Copenhagen was officially liberated by British troops commanded by Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery who supervised the surrender of 30,000 Germans situated around the capital. The Academic Ranking of World Universities placed it 30th in the world in 2016. The old city moats and their surrounding parks constitute a clear border between these districts. [16] Defensive ramparts and moats were completed and by 1177 St. Clemens Church had been built. [79] Denmark's Supreme Court (Højesteret), located in Christiansborg Palace on Prins Jørgens Gård in the centre of Copenhagen, is the country's final court of appeal. [3][7][8] It forms the core of the wider urban area of Copenhagen (population 1,330,993) and the Copenhagen metropolitan area (population 2,057,142). [7] The council usually meets every other week at 17:30 on a Thursday. Many major Danish companies like Novo Nordisk and Lundbeck, both of which are among the 50 largest pharmaceutical and biotech companies in the world, are located in this business cluster. The municipal seat of government is the Copenhagen City Hall (Danish: Københavns Rådhus).The Lord Mayor of Copenhagen is Lars Weiss, since 19 October 2020.The relationship between Copenhagen Municipality and the wider city of Copenhagen is one of an administrative unit within a significantly larger city, cf. [215][216], As of 2014[update], Copenhagen has 15 Michelin-starred restaurants, the most of any Scandinavian city. The municipal seat of government is the Copenhagen City Hall (Danish: Københavns Rådhus). [37], Despite the disasters of the early 19th century, Copenhagen experienced a period of intense cultural creativity known as the Danish Golden Age. Novels set in Copenhagen include Baby (1973) by Kirsten Thorup, The Copenhagen Connection (1982) by Barbara Mertz, Number the Stars (1989) by Lois Lowry, Miss Smilla's Feeling for Snow (1992) and Borderliners (1993) by Peter Høeg, Music and Silence (1999) by Rose Tremain, The Danish Girl (2000) by David Ebershoff, and Sharpe's Prey (2001) by Bernard Cornwell. [125] Hotel capacity in the city is growing significantly. [245] Copenhagen Business School (CBS) is an EQUIS-accredited business school located in Frederiksberg. 1", Copenhagen's ambitious push to be carbon-neutral by 2025, "Copenhagen City of Architecture: The architecture policy of the City of Copenhagen", "The Finger Plan: A Strategy for the Development of the Greater Copenhagen Area", "Denmark's first mosque opens amid controversy", "Prestigious titles and rankings to Copenhagen", "Copenhagen is high quality of life, but at a price", "Workplaces in Copenhagen by industry and residence of the employed, 1 January 2010", "Udvalgte indikatorer for Københavns erhvervsmæssige præstationer og rammevilkår", "Regional GDP per capita in the EU in 2010", "Turning Denmark into a leader in Smart Cities", "Copenhagen Malmö Port Annual Report 2012", "World's most expensive cities – Ranking", "Reasons to invest in Greater Copenhagen", "Pressemeddelelse: Københavns virksomheder efterlyser bedre erhvervsklima", "Copenhagen City Break Strategy 2012–2014", "Lonely Planet's top 10 cities to visit in 2019", "A Brief History of Urban Planning in Copenhagen", "Elephant House: Norman Foster & Partners", "København: Lommeparker – Grønne Åndehuller i Byen", "5 Days in Copenhagen Itinerary & What To Do", "In the Footprints of Carlsberg's founders", "Kastellet ved Langelinie – Københavns smukke fæstningsanlæg", http://www.hovedstadshistorie.dk/amagerbro/, https://www.visitcopenhagen.dk/da/kobenhavn/hellerup-og-omegn, "Copenhagen is Scandinavia's most desirable city", "Nationalmuseet: National Museum of Denmark", "Cisternerne -Museum of Modern Glass Art", "Scandinavian Book Trade, Publishers, etc", "Martinus Rørbye (1803–48), The Prison of Copenhagen, 1831", "Christen Købke's View of a Street in Østerbro outside Copenhagen. [225] The nightclubs and bars stay open until 5 or 6 in the morning, some even longer. Copenhagen has been rated as the most bicycle-friendly city in the world since 2015, with bicycles outnumbering its inhabitants. [114] City authorities have encouraged the development of business clusters in several innovative sectors, which include information technology, biotechnology, pharmaceuticals, clean technology and smart city solutions. Because of this crash, four of the planes in the two following waves assumed the school was the military target and aimed their bombs at the school, leading to the death of 123 civilians (of which 87 were schoolchildren). Other buildings of interest in Christianshavn include the Church of Our Saviour with its spiralling steeple and the magnificent Rococo Christian's Church. [4][74] They are located in the Capital Region (Region Hovedstaden). Some 750,000 passengers make use of public transport facilities every day. [174], Frederiksberg, a separate municipality within the urban area of Copenhagen, lies to the west of Nørrebro and Indre By and north of Vesterbro. [56] In December 2009 Copenhagen gained international prominence when it hosted the worldwide climate meeting COP15. the Danish national art gallery, in the Østre Anlæg park, and the adjacent Hirschsprung Collection specialising in the 19th and early 20th century. The city's urban planning authorities continue to take full account of these priorities. [105] There is a long history of Jews in the city, and the first synagogue in Copenhagen was built in 1684. [140], The boom in urban development and modern architecture has brought some changes to the city's skyline. The plan aims to use climate change adaptation for creating a greener and more liveable city. [130] However, the city's most distinctive district is Frederiksstaden, developed during the reign of Frederick V. It has the Amalienborg Palace at its centre and is dominated by the dome of Frederik's Church (or the Marble Church) and several elegant 18th-century Rococo mansions. Historical development of waste politics 3. In 2012 the European Commission announced that Copenhagen will be the 2014 European Green Capital. [163] The Carlsberg neighbourhood has some interesting vestiges of the old brewery of the same name including the Elephant Gate and the Ny Carlsberg Brewhouse. Carrying out the Bicycle Track Priority Plan 2017-2025 The Bicycle Track Priority Plan was decided upon in the City Council on 30th March 2017. [98] The National Cathedral, the Church of Our Lady, is one of the dozens of churches in Copenhagen. Den Frie Udstilling near the Østerport Station exhibits paintings created and selected by contemporary artists themselves rather than by the official authorities. Foreign migration to Copenhagen, rising over the last three decades, has contributed to increasing religious diversity; the Grand Mosque of Copenhagen, the first in Denmark, opened in 2014. The Copenhagen Properties and Procurement group in collaboration with Copenhagen Utilities seeks to establish central energy surveillance of the entire municipal property portfolio of 2.2 million m². In city planning, streets and squares are to be designed to encourage cycling and walking rather than driving. Much of the remaining 24% were of a foreign background, defined as immigrants (18%) or descendants of recent immigrants (6%). It is located in the middle of a sculpture garden on a cliff overlooking Øresund. However, 2010 was an exceptional year for city break tourism and turnover increased with 29% in that one year. [12] Around 1200, the Church of Our Lady was constructed on higher ground to the northeast of the town, which began to develop around it. The remains of an ancient church, with graves dating to the 11th century, have been unearthed near where Strøget meets Rådhuspladsen. Similarly TV2, which is based in Odense, has concentrated its Copenhagen activities in a modern media house in Teglholmen. Targets • 20% reduction in waste to incineration Because of the fascinating architecture, many parks, gourmet restaurants and other attractions Copenhagen is a very popular place to be. [190], Other museums include: the Thorvaldsens Museum, dedicated to the oeuvre of romantic Danish sculptor Bertel Thorvaldsen who lived and worked in Rome;[191] the Cisternerne museum, an exhibition space for contemporary art, located in former cisterns that come complete with stalactites formed by the changing water levels;[192] and the Ordrupgaard Museum, located just north of Copenhagen, which features 19th-century French and Danish art and is noted for its works by Paul Gauguin. [22] Christian IV also sponsored an array of ambitious building projects including Rosenborg Slot and the Rundetårn. Box 1757, Semmes, AL 36575. [273][275], Promoting health is an important issue for Copenhagen's municipal authorities. The city of Copenhagen has grown far beyond the municipal boundaries from 1901, when Frederiksberg Municipality was made an enclave within Copenhagen Municipality. [165] Halmtorvet, the old haymarket behind the Central Station, is an increasingly popular area with its cafés and restaurants. The government of the City of Copenhagen consists of its supreme body, the City Council, followed by seven standing committees. The first municipal plan was launched in 1989. There is no entrance fee to pay and Klampenborg Station on the C-line, is situated nearby. [155] The canal runs from the harbour front to the spacious square of Kongens Nytorv which was laid out by Christian V in 1670. Geologically, Copenhagen lies in the northern part of Denmark where the land is rising because of post-glacial rebound. The municipality cannot – and must not – do all the work. [149], In Copenhagen, many cemeteries double as parks, though only for the more quiet activities such as sunbathing, reading and meditation. [30] Copenhagen is often considered to be Nelson's hardest-fought battle, surpassing even the heavy fighting at Trafalgar. Originally a Viking fishing village established in the 10th century in the vicinity of what is now Gammel Strand, Copenhagen became the capital of Denmark in the early 15th century. Copenhagen Pride is a gay pride festival taking place every year in August. He is behind several international movie productions as well and founded the Dogme Movement. Copenhagen is home to the FC København and Brøndby football clubs. 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