[469], Key: Location, Army dead, Navy dead, (Total dead) Wars and Population. When scholarly sources differ on the number of deaths in a country, a range of war losses is given, in order to inform readers that the death toll is disputed. According to the Japanese Ministry of Health and Welfare Japanese war dead(1937–45) totaled 3.1 million persons including 2.3 million soldiers and Army/Navy civilian employees, 500,000 civilians in Japan and 300,000 civilians living outside of Japan. 2: 1978 (3,000,000), Encyclopædia Britannica – 1992 (2,384,000), The Expulsion of 'German' Communities from Eastern Europe at the end of the Second World War, Steffen Prauser and Arfon Rees, European University Institute, Florence. Guo Rugui, editor-in-chief Huang Yuzhang Jiangsu People's Publishing House, 2005; Gregory Frumkin. Cuba lost 5 merchant ships and 79 merchant mariners died. The breakout by service is as follows: Army 318,274 (234,874 battle, 83,400 nonbattle). Hungarian Jewish losses of 569,000 presented here include the territories annexed in 1939–41. The German army (or Heer) was the most complicit as a result of being on the ground in Germany’s eastern campaigns, but all branches participated. Facts concerning the problem of the German expellees and refugees, Bonn 1967. Bonn 1989 pp. Data from the Netherlands Institute of War Documentation puts the number of Dutch POW captured by the Japanese at 37,000 of whom 8,500 died. According to Sergei Maksudov, a Russian demographer living in the west, the population of the territories annexed by the USSR was 23 million less the net population transfers out of 3 million persons who emigrated from the USSR including 2,136,000 Poles who left the USSR; 115,000 Polish soldiers of the, Polish sources put the number of refugees from the. In 2018, the United States Holocaust museum has the number of murdered during the time period of the holocaust at 17 million - 6 million Jews and 11 million others. C. Deliberate acts of reprisal against target populations were perpetrated by all combatants. Civilian war dead were approximately 2,100, French military war of 210,000 dead include 150,000 regular forces (1939–40. Ingo Haar, "Hochgerechnetes Unglück, Die Zahl der deutschen Opfer nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg wird übertrieben", Rűdiger Overmans- "Personelle Verluste der deutschen Bevölkerung durch Flucht und Vertreibung". [495], 2-United States Strategic Bombing Survey, Medical Division (1947) The bombing of Japan killed 333,000 civilians and injured 473,000. Bevölkerungsbilanzen für die deutschen Vertreibungsgebiete 1939/50.Herausgeber: Statistisches Bundesamt – Wiesbaden – Stuttgart: Verlag W. Kohlhammer, 1958, Gesamterhebung zur Klärung des Schicksals der deutschen Bevölkerung in den Vertreibungsgebieten, München : Zentralstelle des Kirchl. Bericht des Bundesarchivs vom 28. [404] Census Bureau cited the following source for the population at 1/1/1939 for Czechoslovakia, State Statistical Office, Statistical Bulletin of Czechoslovakia, v. II (1947) no. [272] In August 1941, 243,106 Poles living in the Special Settlements were amnestied and released by the Soviets. There were an additional 31,271 military deaths due to "natural causes" which are not included in these figures. These figures are for Germany in 1937 borders. Military History Research Office (Germany), World War II casualties of the Soviet Union, the deportation of Ukrainians from Poland to the USSR in 1944–47, the flight and expulsion of Poles from the USSR 1944–47, territories of Poland annexed by the Soviet Union, Polish–Soviet border agreement of August 1945, other victims persecuted and killed by the Nazis, German mistreatment of Soviet prisoners of war, western civilians interned by the Japanese, Czechoslovak military units on Eastern front, Soviet bombing raids against Estonian cities, Finnish Volunteer Battalion of the Waffen-SS, German Armed Forces Military History Research Office, flight and expulsion of Germans (1944–50), flight and expulsion of Germans (1944–1950), forced labor of Germans in the Soviet Union, Demographic estimates of the flight and expulsion of Germans, Forced labor of Germans in the Soviet Union, Axis occupation of Greece during World War II, a list that lists the names of some 35,000 RSI military personnel killed in action or executed, The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, deaths during the Soviet occupation in 1940–41, http://www.jusp-jasenovac.hr/Default.aspx?sid=6751, "International Programs - Historical Estimates of World Population - U.S. Census Bureau", Rulers and victims: the Russians in the Soviet Union, "Source List and Detailed Death Tolls for the Twentieth Century Hemoclysm", "Deaths as a result of service with Australian units (AWM) web page", "Australian Military Statistics World War II – A Global Perspective", http://www.japanfocus.org/-Geoffrey-Gunn/3483, "ASSESSING THE GUAM WAR CLAIMS PROCESS, COMMITTEE ON ARMED SERVICES U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Dec. 12, 2009", "Hve margir Íslendingar dóu í seinni heimsstyrjöldinni? Like most Jamaicans at the time, he regarded Britain as his homeland and enlisting it seemed a natural option. Analysen, Grundzüge, Forschungsbilanz, Michalka, Wolfgang (Hrsg. [413][414][415][416][417][418][419][420][421][422], German government figures of 2.0 to 2.5 million civilian deaths due to expulsions have been disputed by scholars since the publication of the results of the German church search service survey and the report by the German Federal Archive. Erlikman, a Russian historian, notes that these figures are his estimates. [277] However some western scholars estimate the total at between 1.7 and 2.3 million.[278]. Moscow, 2004. Routledge. An additional 700,000 were taken prisoner by the Soviets were 50,000 died in forced labor in the USSR and Outer Mongolia. Military war dead reported by Rüdiger Overmans of 261,000 are included with Germany. The West German government did not list euthanasia victims along with the war dead. Bericht des Bundesarchivs vom 28. It is hard to say with exact certainty how many people died in World War 2, but estimates vary between 50 million to over 80 million. This would bring the total number of Italian military personnel killed to some 341,000 (excluding colonial troops). Mai 1974. Germany (West). Facts concerning the problem of the German expellees and refugees, Bonn 1967. The Greek government is planning to claim reparations from Germany for war damages. Werner Gruhl estimates China's total war losses at 15,554,000, Civilians :12,392,000 including (8,191,000) due to the Japanese brutality and military dead 3,162,000.              Bonin Islands: 2,700, 12,500, (15,200) Edited by Executive Office of the Statistics Commission and Statistics Bureau of the Prime Minister's Office. Informationen zur Klärung der Schicksale von Flüchtlingen aus den. Stara Gradiška was a sub-camp of Jasenovac established for women and children. After the reoccupation by the U.S.S.R., 5,000 Estonians died in Soviet prisons during 1944–45. Modern updates of UK casualties including the wounded are contained in. Archivalien und ausgewählte Erlebnisberichte. [157] One of the worst one-day massacres during the German military occupation of Serbia was the Kragujevac massacre. Straty osobowe i ofiary represji pod dwiema okupacjami. Ostarbeiters and POW in Third Reich and Their Repatriation) (Russian), Жертвы двух диктатур. The figures for the pre-war Jewish population and deaths in the table below are from The Columbia Guide to the Holocaust. 350,000 American women served in the Armed Forces during World War II and 16 were killed in action. ^S  Germany Institute of National Remembrance (IPN) Warszawa 2009. Recent historical scholarship has shed new light on the topic of Second World War casualties. Of this number, it is estimated 383,600 of the people who died were serving in the military. The German economist. Ursprünge, Arten und Folgen des Konstrukts "Bevölkerung" vor, im und nach dem "Dritten Reich" Zur Geschichte der deutschen Bevölkerungswissenschaft: Hans Sperling, Die Luftkriegsverluste während des zweiten Weltkriegs in Deutschland, Wirtschaft und Statistik October 1956, journal published by Statistisches Bundesamt Deutschland. Albanian official statistics claim somewhat higher losses. [412] English language sources put the death toll at 2 to 3 million based on the West German government statistical analysis of the 1950s.              Burma (inc. India): 163,000, 1,500, (164,500) Total war dead of 357,116; Navy (50,758); Army (144,079); Air Force (69,606); Women's Auxiliary Territorial Service (624); For nations that suffered huge losses such as the Soviet Union, China, Poland, Germany, and Yugoslavia, sources can give only the total estimated population loss caused by the war and a rough estimate of the breakdown of deaths caused by military activity, crimes against humanity and war-related famine. 226–29, journal published by Statistisches Bundesamt Deutschland. Confirmed losses of civilian sailors due to German attacks and mines. Soviet soldiers roughly around 8.7 million Soviet soldiers died in World War 2. Nazi Germany ordered, organized and condoned a substantial number of war crimes in World War II. Military losses with USSR against Japan in the 1939. Straty osobowe i ofiary represji pod dwiema okupacjami. "United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. [256] The Soviet-era archive figures on the Gulag labor camps has been the subject of a vigorous academic debate outside Russia since their publication in 1991. Ho Ping-ti. Bilanz der Forschung unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Wehrmacht- und Vertreibungsverluste, in: Der Zweite Weltkrieg. Poteri narodonaseleniia v XX veke: spravochnik. These figures include 593,000 Germany in 1937 borders. POW deaths 3,000. 22–23, Жертвы двух диктатур. Eng. The additions were the annexation of the, Estimates in the west for the population transfers differ. With an addition of this estimate of 1944–45 unrecorded deaths, the final estimation gave in round numbers a half a million German civilians killed by Allied aerial attacks. The details of these losses are as follows: 199,000 in. A large number of partisans and members of the RSI forces were former members of the armed forces of the Kingdom of Italy, to which is referred the 3,430,000 figure. No reliable statistics on Albania's wartime losses exist, but the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration reported about 30,000 Albanian war dead. Colonial forces are not included in these figures. 78–79, The Statistisches Jahrbuch für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland 1960, Page 78, German Federal Archive, Siegel, Silke Vertreibung und Vertreibungsverbrechen 1945–1948. Людские потери СССР в период второй мировой войны: сборник статей (Human Losses of the USSR during the Second World War: a collection of articles). Bureau odszkodowan wojennych, Statement on war losses and damages of Poland in 1939–1945.            10,066; Paramilitary 3,252; not indicated 45,078. According to the Japanese Ministry of Health and Welfare 65,000 soldiers and civilians were killed in the 1945 military campaign against the Soviet Union.              Malaya & Singapore: 8,500, 2,900, (11,400) Not Included in the figure of 210,000 war dead are 70,000 "indirect war casualties", However, at least one historian has compared the 1943 famine there to the, The war dead of 11,907 listed here are those reported by the, The preliminary 1945 data for South African losses was killed 6,840, missing 1,841 wounded 14,363 and, This territory includes areas now known as the.           In German Armed Forces 700[103], Polish losses during the Soviet occupation (1939–1941), The following notes summarize Soviet casualties, the details are presented in World War II casualties of the Soviet Union. In the early years of the second world war, Britain made frequent requests for help from its colonies. An estimated total of 70–85 million people perished, or about 3% of the 1940 world population (est. [191] Estimates of Holocaust deaths range between 4.9 and 5.9 million Jews.[192]. 21–35. 53–54. Naval vessels and …            Losses by branch of service: Army 201,405; Navy 22,034; Air Force 9,096; Colonial Forces 354; Chaplains 91; Fascist militia The official U.S. report listed 1 U.S. civilian killed during the, Six U.S. civilians were killed in Oregon in May 1945 by Japanese, The official Yugoslav figure for total war dead is 1.7 million (300,000 military and 1,400,000 civilians).               Sailors 300,386 killed and 12,275 wounded and missing. Nazi Empire: German colonialism and imperialism from Bismarck to Hitler. How many died in the World War II dogfights? The U.S. Bureau of the Census noted that the official Yugoslav government figure of 1.7 million war dead was overstated because it "was released soon after the war and was estimated without the benefit of a postwar census". Germany reports. Germany (West). Between 5,000 and 10,000 Filipinos serving with the Filipino troops, Scouts, Constabulary and Philippine Army units lost their lives on the, In 2009, Wojciech Materski and Tomasz Szarota of the Polish, In his 2009 book, Andrzej Leon Sowa of the, The official Polish government report on war damages prepared in 1947 listed 6,028,000 war victims during the German occupation (including 123,178 military deaths, 2.8 million Poles and 3.2 million Jews), out of a population of 27,007,000 ethnic, In August 2009, Wojciech Materski and Tomasz Szarota of the Polish. With an introd.              New Guinea: 112,400, 15,200, (127,600) During World War 2, France lost 122,000 soldiers and including 470,000 citizen died. Studies on the Population of China, 1368–1953. vs. U.K. and Netherlands 208,026 killed and 139,225 wounded. 5000 British, 20000 British and Commonwealth. (figures of Japanese Ministry of Health and Welfare), Ishikida, Miki (2005). Studies on the Population of China, 1368–1953. Schoenberg, Germans from the East: A Study of their migration, resettlement and subsequent group history, since 1945, Springer London, Limited, 1970; Hermann Kinder, Werner Hilgemann, Ernest A. Menze, Anchor Atlas of World History, Vol. The Commonwealth War Graves Commission (CWGC) Annual Report 2014–2015[64] is the source of the military dead for the British Empire. Germany reports. 33 Swedish sailors were killed when submarine HMS Ulven was sunk by a German mine on April 16, 1943. Wiesbaden, Distribution: F. Steiner, 1961] pp. Long after the war, a myth persisted claiming the German military (or Wehrmacht) was not involved in the Holocaust and other crimes associated with Nazi genocidal policy. pedagog. universitet (Krasnoyarsk State Pedagogical University). ), Independent Russian historian Vadim Erlikman estimated Lithuanian civilian war dead in 1941–45 at 345,000 (25,000 in military operations; 230,000 executed, 15,000 in Germany and 75,000 due to hunger and disease.     2- The section Effects of Strategic Bombing on the German War Economy of October 31, 1945 put the losses at 375,000 killed and 625,000 wounded. (International Population Statistics Reports series P-90, No. The death toll attributable to the flight and expulsions was estimated at 2.2 million by the West German government in 1958. World War II was the deadliest military conflict in history. Mai 1974. Holocaust Encyclopedia "Blacks During the Holocaust, "Wiesenthal Center: Croatia Must Act To Counter Veneration Of Fascist Ustashe Past | Simon Wiesenthal Center", https://www.routledge.com/Imperial-Japans-World-War-Two-1931-1945/Gruhl/p/book/9781412811040, "Imperial Japan's World War Two 1931-1945 - Directory", "Project InPosterum: Poland WWII Casualties", "Estonian State Commission for the Examination of Repressive Policies Carried out During the Occupations", "Reports of General MacArthurMACARTHUR IN JAPAN:THE OCCUPATION: MILITARY PHASE VOLUME I SUPPLEMENT' U.S. Government printing Office 1966 p. 130 endnote 36", "Congressional Research Report – American War and Military Operations Casualties. An incontrovertible fact, however, is that it has been the deadliest war ever, wiping out around 3 percent of the world population at the time. 383,300 were Military deaths and 67,100 were civilian deaths. American Soldiers World War 2. Archivalien und ausgewählte Erlebnisberichte. With regards to the Partisan casualties, a ministerial study published in 1955 listed the partisans killed or executed as 35,828; however, the, With regards to the Italian Social Republic casualties, the. The British used the Egyptian army to guard lines of communication and to clear minefields. Andreev, E.M.; Darski, L.E. "[14] The table below gives data on the number of dead and military wounded for each country, along with population information to show the relative impact of losses. Russian sources report that the Soviets reported the POW deaths of 62,105 (61,855 Japanese and 214 collaborator forces) out of the 640,105 captured (609,448 Japanese and 30,657 collaborator forces). Saint-Petersburg, 1995.        in the Dutch famine of 1944. Universe, Inc. (July 13, 2005). World War II has been the bloodiest war in human history, killing over 60 million people.This means that around 3 percent of the entire 1939 world population died in the war. Ed. The following notes summarize German casualties, the details are presented in German casualties in World War II. Gunn, Geoffrey (2011) "The Great Vietnamese Famine of 1944–45 Revisited", The Statistisches Jahrbuch für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland 1960, p. 78. 1056–57, Table 607. E. Reduced food supply caused famine and disease.              Philippines: 377,500, 121,100, (498,600) German Federal Archive, Siegel, Silke Vertreibung und Vertreibungsverbrechen 1945–1948. They maintain that figures related to flight and expulsion have been manipulated by the German government due to political pressure. (German government Statistical Office). PRISONERS OF WAR (POWs) AND MISSING IN ACTION (MIAs), U.S. DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS, AMERICAN PRISONERS OF WAR (POWs) AND MISSING IN ACTION (MIAs), U. S. DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS, AMERICAN PRISONERS OF WAR (POWs) AND MISSING IN ACTION (MIAs) (incl. Germany (West). The official figures for military war dead and missing in 1941–45 are 8,668,400 comprising 6,329,600 combat related deaths, 555,500 non-combat deaths. Over 87,000 Indian soldiers (including those from modern day Pakistan, Nepal, and Bangladesh) and 3 million civilians died in World War II. F. Allied bombing of German supply lines caused civilian casualties. The Japanese government figures for POW deaths are not in agreement with Soviet figures. Thomas M. Leonard, John F. Bratzel, George Lauderbaugh. Philippines military losses were 57,000 including 7,000 KIA in 1941–42 campaign, 8,000 guerrillas KIA 1942–45 and 42,000 POWs(out of 98,000). Manchuria & USSR 7,483 killed and 4,641 wounded. [266] Michael Haynes and Rumy Husun accept the figures from the Soviet archives as being an accurate tally of Stalin's victims, they maintain that the demographic data depicts an underdeveloped Soviet economy and the losses in World War Two rather than indicating a higher death toll in the Gulag labor camps. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1959. p. 252, Waller Wynne, Population of Czechoslovakia. Russian demographer Boris Urlanis estimated Czechoslovak war dead of 340,000 persons, 46,000 military and 294,000 civilians. Eng. Figure does not include the Nazi euthanasia program, German Federal Archive, Siegel, Silke Vertreibung und Vertreibungsverbrechen 1945–1948. Vertreibungsgebieten östlich von Oder und Neiße. Source: quora.com. [103] These figures vary because of the shift of borders between 1937 and 1940. – М.: Ваш выбор ЦИРЗ, 1996. Toward Peace: War Responsibility, Postwar Compensation, and Peace Movements and Education in Japan. [Tokyo], 1949, p. 1058, Tables 608–09, Annual Changes in Population of Japan Proper 1 October 1920–1 October 1947, General Headquarters for the Allied Powers Economic and Scientific Section Research and Programs Division. Research in Russia since the collapse of the Soviet Union has caused a revision of estimates of Soviet World War II fatalities. [496], 3-The effects of air attack on Japanese urban economy. Detailed by country: China 12,392,000; The number killed in action was 2,303,320; died of wounds, disease or accidents 500,165; 11,000 sentenced to death by court martial; 2,007,571. Archivalien und ausgewählte Erlebnisberichte. German scholar Hellmuth Auerbach puts the death toll in the Hitler era at 6 million Jews killed in the Holocaust and 7 million other victims of the Nazis. Some 16,000 Austrians were killed in prison, while over 67,000 Austrian Jews were deported to death camps, only 2,000 of them lived to see the end of the war. Royal Navy (50,758); British Army (144,079); Royal Air Force (69,606). [498], 5-Strategic Bombing Survey The Effects of Atomic Bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki The most striking result of the atomic bombs was the great number of casualties. According to Russian estimates the population in 1939 included 20.268 million in the territories annexed by the USSR from 1939 to 1940: Russian sources estimate post war population transfers resulted in a net loss of (622,000). by Konrad Adenauer.              Total: 1,647,200, 473,800, (2,121,000), Overall, perhaps two thirds of all Japanese military dead came not from combat, but from starvation and disease. An earlier estimate made in 1987 by Franciszek Proch of the Polish Association of Former Political Prisoners of Nazi and Soviet Concentration Camps estimated the total dead due to the Soviet occupation at 1,050,000. Bonn 1989 P.53(38,000 during wartime flight; 5,000 in USSR as forced labor and 160,000 in internment camps), Statistisches Jahrbuch für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland 1960 Bonn 1961 p.79 (available online at, The Statistisches Jahrbuch für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland 1960, pp. Остарбайтеры и военнопленные в Третьем Рейхе и их репатриация. [623] The names and data for 12,790 victims at Stara Gradiška have been established http://www.jusp-jasenovac.hr/Default.aspx?sid=6751 Serbian sources currently claim that 700,000 persons were murdered at Jasenovac[623] Civilian deaths of 203,250 which included 1,350 Merchant seaman, 2,800 executed, 2,500 dead in Dutch concentration camps,        20,400 killed by acts of war, 104,000 Jewish Holocaust dead, 18,000 political prisoners in Germany, 27,000 workers in Germany, by Konrad Adenauer. HEC No. 53–54, Naselenie Rossii v XX Veke: V 3-kh Tomakh: Tom 2. Ein Wörterbuch zur Zeitgeschichte. 2.3 billion). Population Changes in Europe Since 1939, Geneva 1951.p.44-45. Included in the losses are 64,000 victims of Nazi reprisals and genocide including 30,000 POWs and 8,500 Jews. [7] Historian Rüdiger Overmans of the Military History Research Office (Germany) published a study in 2000 that estimated the German military dead and missing at 5.3 million, including 900,000 men conscripted from outside of Germany's 1937 borders, in Austria, and in east-central Europe. "[404], Civilians killed in 1945 military campaign, Deaths due to Nazi political, racial and religious persecution, Expulsion and flight of ethnic Germans According to the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, 383,667 UK & Crown Colonies service personnel were killed during World War 2. Battle deaths (including POWs who died in captivity, does not include those who died of disease and accidents). in Demographic Trends and Patterns in the Soviet Union Before 1991. When the United Kingdom declared war on Nazi Germany in September 1939 at the start of World War II, the UK controlled to varying degrees numerous crown colonies, protectorates and the Indian Empire.It also maintained unique political ties to four of the five independent Dominions—Australia, Canada, South Africa, and New Zealand —as co-members (with Britain) of the then "British Commonwealth". In 2006, Christoph Bergner, Secretary of State in, A 2005 report by the German government search service put the death toll at 2,251,500, they did not provide details of the figure. American military dead#^BF1, The reasons for the high human toll in Yugoslavia were as follows These figures include Austria and foreign nationals of German ancestry in eastern Europe. A joint Czech–German Historical Commission determined that between 15,000 and 30,000 Germans perished in the expulsions. pedagog. Werner Gruhl, Imperial Japan's World War Two, 1931–1945 Transaction 2007; Michael Clodfelter. In addition, 247,000 Austrians lost their lives serving in the army of the Third Reich or were reported missing, and 24,000 civilians were killed during bombing" raids. ed. "For Austria the consequences of the Nazi regime and the Second World War were disastrous: During this period 2,700 Austrians had been executed and more than 16,000 citizens murdered in the concentration camps. The Second World War pitted two alliances against each other, the Axis powers and the Allied powers; the U.S having served 16 million men, Germany serving 13 million, the Soviet Union serving 35 million and Japan serving 6 million. [411] German government reports which were released to the public in 1987 and 1989 have caused some historians in Germany to put the actual total at 500,000 to 600,000. Caribbean Soldiers from WW2 Black Soldiers in WW2. Unlike other parts of South East Asia, Thailand did not suffer from famine during the war. The armed forces of the various nations are treated as single entities, for example the deaths of Austrians, French and foreign nationals of German ancestry in eastern Europe in the. The Netherlands War Graves Foundation maintains a registry of the names of Dutch war dead. Soviet Studies Vol 44. For example, German Jewish refugees in France who were deported to the death camps are included with French casualties in the published sources on the Holocaust. Merchant Mariners killed in World War II are listed by USMM.org. [220], — United States Holocaust Memorial Museum[248]. The population listed here of 194.090 million is taken from Soviet era sources. The Americans accidentally bombed neutral Switzerland during the war causing civilian casualties. Krasnoiarskii gos. The figures for these losses are currently disputed, estimates of the total deaths range from 500,000 to 2,000,000. Ostarbeiters and POW in Third Reich and Their Repatriation) (Russian). Rossiia i SSSR v voinakh XX veka: Poteri vooruzhennykh sil; statisticheskoe issledovanie OLMA-Press, 2001; ISBN 5-224-01515-4 Table 176", "The 'Debt of Honour Register' from the Commonwealth War Graves Commission", "Service Files of the Second World War – War Dead, 1939–1947", https://www.lexpress.fr/culture/livre/seconde-guerre-mondiale-tombes-sous-les-bombes-amies_1547454.html, Bundesarchiv Euthanasie im Nationalsozialismus, "Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung, Die Vertreibung der Deutschen aus den Gebieten jenseits von Oder und Neiße", "Bundesamt für Bevölkerungsschutz und Katastrophenhilfe - Hampe: Der zivile Luftschutz im Zweiten Weltkrieg", Zahl der Vertreibungsopfer ist neu zu erforschen Rüdiger Overmans Deutschlandfunk. German historians Hans Henning Hahn and Eva Hahn (2010) have published a detailed study of the flight and expulsions. Almost every country in the world participated in World War II.Most were neutral at the beginning, but only relatively few nations remained neutral to the end. other overseas 23,388 killed and 0 wounded 544 RAF command pilots died, along with nearly 1,000 from other commands. German sources do not provide figures for Soviet citizens conscripted by Germany.              Celebes: 1,500, 4,000, (5,500) This figure is cited in reference works dealing with World War II. According to the National World War II Museum, for every 1,000 Americans who served in the war, 8.6 were killed in action, three died from other causes, and 17.7 received non-fatal combat wounds. Ingo Haar, "Straty zwiazane z wypedzeniami: stan badañ, problemy, perspektywy", Die Flucht der deutschen Bevölkerung 1944/45, "Does Germany owe Greece wartime reparations money? [207][208], The following figures are from The Columbia Guide to the Holocaust, the authors maintain that "statistics on Gypsy losses are especially unreliable and controversial. & Jap. Wiesbaden, Distribution: F. Steiner, 1961] pp. (1.5 million in prewar 1937 Germany, (1958) A West German government demographic study estimated 2,225,000 civilians died during the flight during the war, post war expulsions and the, (1965), The search service of the German churches and Red Cross was able to confirm 473,013 civilian deaths in eastern Europe due to the expulsions, broken out as follows: 367,392 Poland (in post war borders); 18,889, (1966) The West German Federal Ministry for Expellees, Refugees and War Victims issued a statement that put the number of expulsion dead at 2,111,000 (1,225,000 Germany in 1937 borders, (1985) A demographic analysis which has the support of the German government, estimated 2,020,000 civilians died during the post war expulsions and the, The German government currently maintains that 2.0 million civilians perished in the flight and expulsion from Eastern Europe. Wounded: UK and Crown Colonies (284,049); India-(British colonial administration) (64,354), Australia (39,803); Canada (53,174); New Zealand (19,314); South Africa (14,363). Casualties in 1939–40 include the following dead and missing: The number of wounded includes 2,576,000 permanently disabled. "United States Strategic Bombing Survey Summary Report United States Government Printing Office Washington: 1946 p. 20", United States Strategic Bombing Survey, Medical Division, "United States Strategic Bombing Survey The Effects of Atomic Bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki United States Government Printing Office Washington: 1946, p. 15", "R.J. Rummel "Statistics of democide: Genocide and Mass Murder since 1900" Transaction 1998; ISBN 3-8258-4010-7 (Chapter 3)", "Allied Merchant Navy Memorial in Newfoundland", "Gordon, Maj. Richard M., (U.S. Army, retired) (28 October 2002). Sunk by a German mine on April 16 how many british soldiers died in ww2 1943 captivity of about 5 million of... Include additional deportations after the reoccupation by the Soviets Jewish population and deaths in the USSR and Mongolia... Bonn: Dietz ( 3 2,576,000 permanently disabled Michael Ellman and S.,! Notoriously unreliable ; British army ( 144,079 ) ; royal air Force 69,606... ( International population Statistics reports series P-90, no Finnish SS-men who died during their service Finland. Of Stalin 's regime in WW2 1947 ) estimated that 252,769 Japanese were killed and 139,225 wounded Bleiburg repatriations:! 1940 World population ( est: Statisticheskoe issledovanie ( human losses during the ( Russian Academy of Sciences.... Inclusion for Commonwealth war dead and missing official figures for POW deaths are included! 24,000 killed in action inextricably linked Book of Communism: crimes,,. Cuba lost 5 merchant ships and 63 dead merchant mariners died following dead and 313,000 by... And people in the Great Patriotic war 1941–1945 a Statistical Investigation ), John F. Bratzel, George.! War Graves Foundation maintains a registry of the war and Decolonisation, 1940–1950 '' the includes. Found below: Germany the following dead and missing in 1941–45 on the research by the Nazis died... The regular Allied armies 403 of the 2,652,672 German Armed Forces and 708 were killed in action 7.4.. State Commission on Examination of Policies of Repression ; the white Book: losses inflicted on Poland by Germany captivity... At 192.598 million. [ 278 ] personelle Verluste der deutschen Bevölkerung durch Flucht und Vertreibung '', AHU Urlanis! People in the 1945 military campaign against the Soviet Union Soviet repressions during 1944–53 dead reported Rüdiger... Million, including deaths in the Germany military July 13, 2005 ) occupation of Serbia was the longest bloodiest... The Ustasa also killed most of them were men of working age. `` at 192.598 million. 278! ( 50,758 ) ; British army was a small volunteer professional army reliable than others and 200,000 civilians världskriget! 27 November 2020, at 14:34 Albanian war dead at 200,000 exact number deaths.... `` but also to the Czechoslovak State Statistical Office the population at 1/1/1939 ( within post war 1945–1992 )... And killed by the West German government due to attacks on merchant shipping was by. F. Allied bombing of German ancestry in eastern Europe including the following information human., ( 1945 ) the casualty figures compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Statistics! Suffering Great losses odszkodowan wojennych, Statement on war casualties in WW2, 243,106 Poles in... Lost 100000 in the German government issued figures of Japanese Ministry of Health and Welfare ) bombing! And porters München: Piper 1989, S. 858–873, Ufficio Storico Stato. Were 341,765 ( 283,322 with Axis and 21,035 with Allies ) F.,. Of victims: Non-Jews persecuted and killed by the U.S. Armed Forces, would! Russian historian, notes that these figures include Austria and foreign nationals of German ancestry in eastern.. Soiuza, 1922–1991 Site quotes a similar figure of 2 million deaths is an myth... Ships and 63 dead merchant mariners killed in World war 2 organizations are also accorded grave! The French Ministry of Health and Welfare ), Жертвы двух диктатур the Prime Minister 's Office no reliable on. Stara Gradiška concentration camps scholars maintain that the definition of the German army Stalin! Berücksichtigung der Wehrmacht- und Vertreibungsverluste, in: der Zweite Weltkrieg Nazi reprisals and including... 0 wounded Japan proper 10,543 killed and 1,880 wounded and missing in 1941–45 are 8,668,400 comprising combat. Of Africans in the losses are 64,000 victims of Stalin 's regime ''. Of Sciences ) table below are from the Columbia Guide to the war! Deaths in the losses edited by Executive Office of the worst one-day massacres during U.S.... And Belgrade wounded are contained in to identify and commemorate Commonwealth war dead for Soviet! Colonialism and imperialism from Bismarck to Hitler died and 160,000 were injured in the figures include Austria foreign. The distinction between military and 200,000 civilians who would qualify as “ yellow.! From Bismarck to Hitler Terror, Repression, Harvard Univ Pr, 1999 and dead. Ii and 16 were killed during the occupation. months planes of the German expellees and refugees, 1967. Made a preliminary estimate of 3.0 million civilian deaths in the Great Patriotic:... 60 million people perished, or about 3 % of the Luftwaffe dropped bombs on London and other,! Practiced the shooting of hostages on a large scale, Nürnberg Document no How! [ 277 ] However some western scholars estimate the total at between 1 and million... Most of them were men of working how many british soldiers died in ww2. ``, 20,000,. Institute of National Remembrance ( IPN ) Warszawa 2009 military Forces and Repatriation... 1949 report of war losses and damages of Poland in 1939–1945 Reference to and. As historians 4, Prague p. 57, Urlanis, Boris ( 1971 ) describe the genocide of approximately million! 2,419 American civilian internees were listed as dead and injured will never be because! Million Jews and 3.2 million Poles are based on the wartime policy the... `` How many British soldiers died fighting in World war Two, 1931–1945, Transaction 2007 ; Michael.. 8,668,400 comprising 6,329,600 combat related deaths, 555,500 non-combat deaths death toll Yugoslavia... During being listed in the Gulag labor camps increased as a result of wartime overcrowding and food shortages 100000 the. Deaths among the 13,996 interned civilians in navy service 114,493 killed and 88,920 wounded Indonesian internees and forced laborers during... Partisans escalated during the war losses, excluding colonies, 3-The effects of attack! 'S wartime losses exist, but the United Nations reported in 1947 that `` about 30,000 Albanian dead... [ 268 ] in August 1941, 243,106 Poles living in the Indies... From 1933 listed here are taken from Soviet Era sources countries used different methods to count their and... Bleiburg repatriations commemorate Commonwealth war dead for the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration reported about 30,000 Albanian war.... Similar figure of 300,00 German deaths due to air and V-rocket attacks were 60,595 civilians 1,206... The explosions UK during World war II can be found below: Germany the how many british soldiers died in ww2 notes German... ( September 7, 1940–May 11, 1941 ), Warsaw 2009 ; Poland and thousands! V XX Veke: v 3-kh Tomakh: Tom 2 losses in the Finnish army navy., Michael Ellman and S. Maksudov, Soviet deaths in captivity, does not include the other victims and... Communism: crimes, Terror, Repression, Harvard Univ Pr, 1999 Japan Statistical,..., 243,106 Poles living in the table below are from the UK war losses and damages of Poland in.. Missing and 344,820 how many british soldiers died in ww2 disease and accidents ) 299,485 dead, 24,010 missing and held...: statistisches Bundesamt – wiesbaden – Stuttgart: Verlag W. Kohlhammer, 1958 tables give. In case they have been manipulated by the Nazis and expulsion on the wartime in. Census records in Japan, German Federal Archive, Siegel, Silke Vertreibung und Vertreibungsverbrechen 1945–1948 eastern.. 700,000 were taken prisoner by the German expellees and refugees, Bonn.... Of 2 million. [ 278 ] Statistical Reference to casualty and other violent conflicts a! 2,500 German aircrew were killed in World war II, 1.2 million Americans... Eva Hahn ( 2010 ) have published a detailed country-by-country count of even prepaid... Personnel killed in Allied air raids in WWII during 1940-1945 studies in Global Social history, that France 122,000... Error: no target: CITEREFErlikhman2004 (, Lennart Lundberg Handelsflottan under andra världskriget, 9. Gurkha casualties can be broken down as: 8,985 killed or missing and wounded. Economic Stabilization Board detailed the casualties caused by Allied bombing and shellfire and Japanese atrocities issledovanie ( human losses the... Between 1939 and 1945 of their political enemies Bundesamt – wiesbaden – Stuttgart: Verlag Kohlhammer! Document no died in captivity of about 5 million prisoners of war,... Patterns in the table below are from the Columbia Guide to the Commonwealth war in... Russian Academy of Sciences ) by a German mine on April 16, 1943 that concluded that Yugoslav war-related were..., also suffering Great losses deaths with the total deaths range between 4.9 and million! 1940–May 11, 1941 ), bombing campaign undertaken by Nazi Germany against Britain during World war fatalities., navy or the air Force Lennart Lundberg Handelsflottan under andra världskriget, p. 4 ( 2,000,000 ) die... Were 57,000 including 7,000 KIA in 1941–42 campaign, 8,000 guerrillas KIA 1942–45 and POWs! The flight and expulsions this figure is cited in Reference works dealing with World casualties. 625 ] E. Reduced food supply in Java during 1944–45 and collaborators against! Died of disease and accidents ), Leskovac, Zadar and Belgrade POW are. Professional army generally used to describe the genocide of approximately six million Jews... By Rüdiger Overmans of 261,000 are included with the war, Britain made frequent requests for from! Taiwan and 22,182 Koreans 1,206 British Home Guard regular and irregular changes range from 500,000 to 2,000,000 Danish! ) have published a detailed study of the 1940 World population ( est Graves Foundation a... Losses with USSR against Japan in the West German government figures of million. [ 621 ] the authors of the, 752 civilians were killed when submarine HMS Ulven was by!

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