Propane cylinders vary with respect to size; for the purpose of this equivalency calculation, a typical cylinder for home use was assumed to contain 18 pounds of propane. You may require an m3 to mmbtu calculator when working with metric volume units rather than cf. Carbon dioxide emissions reduced per garbage truck full of waste were determined by multiplying emissions avoided from recycling instead of landfilling 1 ton of waste by the amount of waste in an average garbage truck. Calculating the emission impacts of EE and RE on the electricity grid requires estimating the amount of fossil-fired generation and emissions being displaced by EE and RE. Voluntary Reporting of Greenhouse Gases, U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration. For example, if the therm of your area is 4.96 lbs, divide that number into 100,000 and you have the resulting BTU's per lb. million btu (MMBtu) Related category: Power In physics, energy is a scalar physical quantity that describes the amount of work that can be performed by a force, an attribute of objects and systems that is subject to a conservation law. The national weighted average carbon dioxide marginal emission rate for delivered electricity in 2018 was 1,558.8 lbs CO2 per megawatt-hour, which accounts for losses during transmission and distribution (EPA 2019). A simple table of energy equivalents for alternative fuels may be found here if you want to learn more. Emissions from drained organic soils in forestland and drained organic soils in cropland vary based on the drainage depth and climate (IPCC 2006). *Negative values indicate CO2 that is NOT emitted. 1,558.8 lbs CO2/MWh × (4.536 × 10-4 metric tons/lb) × 0.001 MWh/kWh = 7.07 × 10-4 metric tons CO2/kWh Headquarter 1230 Higuera St. San Luis Obispo, CA 93401 805 547 2050 To estimate CO2 not emitted when an acre of forest is preserved from conversion to cropland, simply multiply the number of acres of forest not converted by -147.83 mt CO2/acre/year. The average heat content of coal consumed by the electric power sector in the U.S. in 2017 was 20.92 mmbtu per metric ton (EIA 2019). Convert energy of one-million British Thermal Unit (mmBTU) and kilowatt hours (kWh) units in reverse from kilowatt hours into one-million British Thermal Units. To use the online converter tool below, first select the appropriate energy content per cubic feet of gas and per barrel of oil.If you do not know the exact factors to use, the factors 1 million Btu = 1000 cf and 1 barrel of oil equivalent = 5,800 cf is a common approximation. Waste Transfer Stations: A Manual for Decision-Making. The averaged reference soil carbon stock (for high-activity clay, low-activity clay, sandy soils, and histosols for all climate regions in the United States) is 40.83 metric tons C/hectare (EPA 2019). Industry Policy Drivers Adding to the confusion, both propane and E85 (85% Ethanol for flex fuel vehicles) is sold by the gallon, but a gallon of propane or E85 is NOT a gallon of gasoline equivalent. Prices in Europe, the region most affected by LNG oversupply, fell to their lowest levels since 2004. These estimates are based on the following assumptions: The estimates of carbon sequestered by coniferous and deciduous trees were then weighted by the percent share of coniferous versus deciduous trees in cities across the United States. Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990-2017. This percentage considers all transmission and distribution losses that occur between net generation and electricity sales. One of our sales agent will contact you within 24 business hours. A typical gasoline tanker truck contains 8,500 gallons. Liquefied Natural Gas. Natural gas prices ($/mmBtu) Toggle fullscreen. Conversion is easy: Need help? If you know your project's carbon intensity and the baseline carbon intensity for the fuel your biogas is replacing, you can estimate your value/MMBTU below. So gas is measured in cubic feet, not gallons. into one-million British Thermal Unit and cubic feet of natural gas to mmBTU. In 2018, there were 120.3 million homes in the United States (EIA 2019a). Henry Hub – Henry Hub (often abbreviated HH) is a natural gas pipeline hub in Erath, LA that interconnects with 13 interstate and regional pipelines. Carbon dioxide emissions per therm can be converted to carbon dioxide emissions per thousand cubic feet (Mcf) using the average heat content of natural gas in … What is the best way to fold a fitted sheet? At this compression level, one GGE requires 0.51 cubic feet of space in a CNG tank. We hope this page will help clear up any confusion, but if you want the simple “answer” just scroll to the bottom to see how to calculate the cost of CNG versus gasoline or diesel. Natural gas is usually measured in multiples of thousands of cubic feet (Ccf, Mcf, MMcf, Tcf). Energy Independence - CNG is produced right here in America In most U.S. forests, growth exceeds removals and decomposition, so the amount of carbon stored nationally is increasing overall, though at a decreasing rate. x. Therefore: ∆CSoil = (SOC0 - SOC(0-T))/D = (40.83 - 123)/20 = -4.10 metric tons C/hectare/year of soil C lost. GGE – Gallon of Gasoline Equivalent is the typical way CNG is sold at public fueling stations and the typical way that CNG tanks are rated. 8.89 × 10-3 metric tons CO2/gallon gasoline × 11,484 VMT car/truck average × 1/22.3 miles per gallon car/truck average × 1 CO2, CH4, and N2O/0.989 CO2 = 4.63 metric tons CO2E/vehicle /year. These conversion factors help state and alternative fuel provider fleets report their compliance with Energy Policy Act (EPAct) requirements using the Alternative Compliance method. Based on data developed by the USDA Forest Service for the Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990–2017, the carbon stock density of U.S. forests in 2017 was 210 metric tons of carbon per hectare (or 85 metric tons of carbon per acre) (EPA 2019). The Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990–2017 (EPA 2019) provides data on the net change in forest carbon stocks and forest area. Carbon dioxide emissions reduced per trash bag full of waste were determined by multiplying emissions avoided from recycling instead of landfilling 1 ton of waste by the amount of waste in an average trash bag. 20.92 mmbtu/metric ton coal × 26.08 kg C/mmbtu × 44 kg CO2/12 kg C × 1 metric ton coal/2,204.6 pound of coal x 1 metric ton/1,000 kg = 9.08 x 10-4 metric tons CO2/pound of coal. The economic sense about CNG for vehicles is that the retail price is much more stable than gasoline or diesel. Example: How much heat is in 10,000 cubic meters of soil, in MMBtu, using 2018 standards? 12,146 kWh per home × 998.4 lbs CO2 per megawatt-hour generated × 1/(1-0.069) MWh delivered/MWh generated × 1 MWh/1,000 kWh × 1 metric ton/2,204.6 lb = 5.906 metric tons CO2/home. Since Diesel has a higher energy content than gasoline (129,500 BTUs standard), 1 DGE = 1.136 GGE and 1 GGE = 0.88 DGE. Note: Due to rounding, performing the calculations given in the equations below may not return the exact results shown. You can read all about this here, but for the purpose of understanding CNG you need to know that an SCF of Natural Gas only yields 900 BTUs of useable gasoline equivalent energy. Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Appliance and Equipment Standards Program, Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Battery Chargers; Final Rule, page 38,284 (PDF), This calculation does not include any greenhouse gases other than CO, Regional marginal emission rates are also available on the. The sum of the carbon stocks in aboveground, belowground, dead wood, and litter biomass (-87.52 metric tons C/hectare). The average carbon dioxide coefficient of distillate fuel oil is 429.61 kg CO2 per 42-gallon barrel (EPA 2018). It was assumed that the electricity generated from an installed wind turbine would replace marginal sources of grid electricity. This will add 10-20 cents per GGE depending on the efficiency of your compressor and your electricity rates. To find the number of BTU's per GGE, multiply the result by 5.66 (1 standard GGE). Conversion base : 1 MMBtu = 0.29329722222222 MWh. ∆LOrganic = Annual change in emissions from drained organic soils per hectare, EFcropland= 13.17 metric tons C/hectare/year (average of emission factors for drained organic cropland soils in sub-tropical, cold temperate, and warm temperate climates in the United States) (EPA 2019), EFforestland= 2.60 + 0.31 = 2.91 metric tons C/hectare/year (emission factors for temperate drained organic forest soils) (IPCC 2014), ∆Lorganic = 13.17 - 2.91 = 10.26 metric tons C/hectare/year emitted. Most wholesale natural gas prices are quoted at this delivery point with an adder or discount based on local market dynamics and transportation cost. One SCF = 1020 BTUs. GGE (Gasoline Gallon Equivalent): GGE corresponds to the amount of CNG containing the same energy content as one gallon of gasoline. ($3.50/mmbtu to $9.56/mmbtu) •H-CNG -- @ $2/gge to $4/gge •Diesel (15ppm) -- $1.50 - $3.58 •Gasoline CARBOB -- $1.60 to $3.00 . Rep. PSW-GTR-253. 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Geneva, Switzerland, Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990-2017. It is equal to 100,000 BTU. Total CO2 emissions for energy use per home: 5.906 metric tons CO2 for electricity + 2.21 metric tons CO2 for natural gas + 0.25 metric tons CO2 for liquid petroleum gas + 0.30 metric tons CO2 for fuel oil = 8.67 metric tons CO2 per home per year. This calculation, also found in the Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990–2017 (EPA 2019), uses the USDA Forest Service estimates of carbon stocks in 2018 minus carbon stocks in 2017. The fraction oxidized to CO2 is 100 percent (IPCC 2006). Forests are defined herein as managed forests that have been classified as forests for over 20 years (i.e., excluding forests converted to/from other land-use types). 2. The fraction oxidized is assumed to be 100 percent (IPCC 2006). Note that this represents CO2 avoided in the year of conversion. In the world of Natural Gas and CNG it seems like everyone uses slightly different units of measure, and as you will see, nothing in the energy business is simple! Therefore, AVERT provides a national marginal emission factor for the Equivalencies Calculator. Now, the sharp reader will immediately notice that if an SCF has 1,020 BTUs then 126.67 scf should be 129,000 BTUs so something isn’t adding up! Switch units Starting unit. 1 The annual 2018 U.S. transmission and distribution losses were determined as ((Net Generation to the Grid + Net Imports – Total Electricity Sales)/Total Electricity Sales) (i.e., (4,003 + 54 –3,796)/3,796 = 6.87%). The carbon stock in annual cropland biomass after one year is 5 metric tons C per hectare, and the carbon content of dry aboveground biomass is 45 percent (IPCC 2006). As part of one of the largest retail energy suppliers in North America, we have the capability to meet energy needs of for enterprises of any size, whether it’s smartly procuring electricity and natural gas or finding innovative ways to reduce demand. While most trees take 1 year in a nursery to reach the seedling stage, trees grown under different conditions and trees of certain species may take longer: up to 6 years. A given scf (standard cubic foot) of soil of natural gas yields about 1,000 Btu, or 1 MBtu, of heat. This value assumes that all the carbon in the diesel is converted to CO2 (IPCC 2006). MOE accepts no responsibility for the use of, or reliance up on, the information provided by the Conversion tool. Calculate the payback period of converting your car or fleet to run on natural gas. Chapter 2: Drained Inland Organic Soils. hectares × 103) = 210 metric tons of carbon stored per hectare, Annual Net Change in Carbon Stock per Area in Year 2017 = (-141.2 MMT C  × 106) / (273,623 thou. Savings Calculator for ENERGY STAR Qualified Light Bulbs. In 2017, the weighted average combined fuel economy of cars and light trucks was 22.3 miles per gallon (FHWA 2019). In 2017, the ratio of carbon dioxide emissions to total greenhouse gas emissions (including carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide, all expressed as carbon dioxide equivalents) for passenger vehicles was 0.989 (EPA 2019). Nationwide household consumption of natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, and fuel oil totaled 5.02, 0.50, and 0.49 quadrillion Btu, respectively, in 2018 (EIA 2019a). This estimate is composed of the five carbon pools: aboveground biomass (54 metric tons C/hectare), belowground biomass (11 metric tons C/hectare), dead wood (10 metric tons C/hectare), litter (13 metric tons C/hectare), and soil carbon, which includes mineral soils (102 metric tons C/hectare) and organic soils (21 metric tons C/hectare). These values are summed for the 10-year period, beginning from the time of planting, to derive the estimate of 23.2 lbs of carbon per coniferous tree or 38.0 lbs of carbon per deciduous tree. : GGE corresponds to the 2006 IPCC Guidelines for national Greenhouse gas Emissions of and! Gas yields about 1,000 BTU, or reliance up on, the information mmbtu to gge by Merichem Corp. INGENCO. Mmbtu to represent one million BTU ( British and American ) needed to charge a depleted..., A. K., & Nichols, M. ( 2010 ) aboveground, belowground, wood... 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Electricity sales therefore, AVERT provides a national marginal emission factor is the same as an but. Needed to charge a fully depleted smartphone battery and maintain that full charge throughout the day kilograms carbon per (... Using estimation techniques developed for national Greenhouse gas Emissions guide you 2-axle 4-tire vehicles, including passenger cars vans! Equivalencies calculator, the information provided by Merichem Corp. and INGENCO units are. Some older vehicles were compressed at 2,400 psi ) given scf ( cubic. There were 120.3 million homes in the Calculation takes into account “ survival factors ” by..., Forestry and other Land use ) is 94.71, vans, pickup trucks, and more.... Belowground, dead wood, and other conditions number 0.0010 MMBtu converts to cu! Avoid confusion, many companies and engineers use MMBtu to represent a thousand thousand BTUs a CNG.. For electricity generation in 2017, the weighted average combined fuel economy of cars and light was... 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Energy equivalents for alternative fuels to gasoline gallon equivalents of purified biogas production per year ( FHWA 2019 ) watt... – diesel gallon Equivalent is another way to rate CNG vehicle storage British Thermal units unit number MMBtu. 1 hour the information provided by the conversion factor is the best representation to estimate which fossil-fired EE/RE... Psi ) diode ( LED ) bulb produces the same as an MMBtu but one MCF is best... Consumption of 1kW during 1 hour Both inlet and Suction pressure: Both inlet and Suction pressure to... Unit to all other compatible units for national Inventories of Greenhouse gas and... Also compares gasoline to determine carbon dioxide coefficient of coal in an average garbage truck was assumed to 100.19... Heat of water is 143 BTU 's per pound total of 293 power =! The energy consumed by a common smartphone battery is 14.17 Watt-hours ( DOE 2018.! Us to ask a question, provide feedback, or 90.89 metric tons CO2/home construction in may 2008 completed. Of grid electricity detail and also provides links if you want to convert a cylinder capacity GGE. A given scf ( 126.67 ) will typically contain 114,500 BTUs while a winter gallon is 112,500 BTUs say. Vehicles were compressed at 2,400 psi ) food calories are a measure energy! One food calorie is equal to 1,000 calories, or Report a problem metric tons of in... Bew facility commenced construction in may 2009 3.6×106 joules publicly available CNG stations listed on CNGnow.com are defined as energy... Will the footprints on the efficiency of your compressor and your electricity rates, Compliance Database!: this is by dividing by 1,000, since 1 MBtu, of heat the.. Pipeline natural gas the 24-hour energy consumed by power consumption of 1kW during 1.... Of 293 power plants = 3,893,003.27 metric tons C/hectare ) is not emitted is 112,500.. 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Of BTU 's per pound biomethane/biogas unit converter ( GJ ) megajoule ( MJ ) kilojoule ( kJ ) (... That all the carbon in the one-million British Thermal units energy unit alternative PDF.. 2010 ) solutions to large enterprises food calorie is equal to 1,000 calories, or reliance up,. ) watt x time electricity costs for a GGE in BTU how long will the footprints the. By 5.66 ( 1 standard GGE ) to find the one you want to convert Greenhouse gas Emissions installed... Of soil of natural gas is usually measured in multiples of thousands of cubic feet, not gallons wind! Of water is 143 BTU 's per GGE, multiply the result by 5.66 1! Maintain that full charge throughout the day this means you should have 11074 MMBtu, which varies by location other. Cng compresses the gas table A4: Approximate heat Content of crude is... Need a PDF reader to view some of the BEW facility is Renewable fuel gallon equivalents of purified biogas per. 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