Max Liebman hired the duo for the writing team of his popular television comedy series Your Show of Shows. His first produced play was Come Blow Your Horn (1961). [37], The Neil Simon Festival[40] is a professional summer repertory theatre devoted to preserving the works of Simon and his contemporaries. Born July 4, 1927, Simon was a Broadway juggernaut who, over the course of his long career, saw many of his original plays eventually make their way to the small screen. [23] Simon's final play, Rose's Dilemma, premiered in 2003[24] and received poor reviews. [3]:153 The Odd Couple (1968), was one highly successful early adaptation, faithful to the stage play but also opened out, with more scenic variety. [6] His father often abandoned the family for months at a time, causing them further financial and emotional suffering. Despite the serious nature of these ideas, Simon always manages to tell the stories with humor, embracing both realism and comedy. [13]:foreword, This attitude changed after 1991, when he won a Pulitzer Prize for drama with Lost in Yonkers. He attained the rank of corporal and was eventually sent to Colorado. "[3]:9, During most of his career Simon's work received mixed reviews, with many critics admiring his comedy skills, much of it a blend of "humor and pathos". He attended the University of Denver. He won a Tony Award for the latter. I wanted to tell a story about real people. [18] Simon also served as an uncredited "script doctor,” helping to hone the books of Broadway-bound plays or musicals under development,[21] as he did for A Chorus Line (1975). [3]:6 Many of Simon's most memorable plays are built around two-character scenes, as in segments of California Suite and Plaza Suite. These new versions are The Female Odd Couple (1985), and Oscar and Felix: A New Look at the Odd Couple (2002).[50]. At the time of his death, he was married to Joyce, an actress who he wed in 1999. Not if you were born in the Bronx, in the Depression and Jewish, you don't. "[13]:foreword McGovern attempts to explain the response of many critics: Above all, his plays which may appear simple to those who never look beyond the fact that they are amusing are, in fact, frequently more perceptive and revealing of the human condition than many plays labeled complex dramas.[13]:192. He grew up in Washington Heights, Manhattan, and graduated from DeWitt Clinton High School when he was sixteen. [18] His professional association with producer Emanuel Azenberg began with The Sunshine Boys and continued with The Good Doctor, God's Favorite, Chapter Two, They're Playing Our Song, I Ought to Be in Pictures, Brighton Beach Memoirs, Biloxi Blues, Broadway Bound, Jake's Women, The Goodbye Girl and Laughter on the 23rd Floor, among others. "[3]:14, His comedies often portray struggles with marital difficulties or fading love, sometimes leading to separation, divorce and child custody issues. His cause of death was reported as “complications from pneumonia.” The iconic writer earned both a Tony Award and a Pulitzer Prize in 1991 for the semi-autobiographical “Lost in Yonkers,” but his voice was also prominent in both television and film. By the time of Last of the Red Hot Lovers in 1969, Simon was reputedly earning $45,000 a week from his shows (excluding sale of rights), making him the most financially successful Broadway writer ever. Also see this person's photo entry in our Dead or Alive Data Base. He was also a Pulitzer Prize winner, among many other honors during a lengthy career. His parents' financial difficulties affected their marriage, giving him a mostly unhappy and unstable childhood. Marvin Neil Simon (July 4, 1927 – August 26, 2018) was an American playwright, screenwriter and author. It made me strong as an independent person. [23], Following Lost in Yonkers, Simon's next several plays did not meet with commercial success. Neil Simon was one of the world’s most successful playwrights. When I first met Neil Simon, one of us was a world-respected humorist with a slew of awards including two Emmys, four … Barefoot in the Park, for example, is a light romantic comedy, while portions of Plaza Suite were written as "farce", and portions of California Suite are "high comedy". [11][12], In 1961, Simon's first Broadway play, Come Blow Your Horn, ran for 678 performances at the Brooks Atkinson Theatre. He also served in the U.S. Army, which was an experience he chronicled on stage. Now I ask, "What is a sad situation and how can I tell it humorously? [37] In 1991, he won the Pulitzer Prize[39] along with the Tony Award for Lost in Yonkers (1991). Portrayed by Aya Cash, Joan Baim Simon was the first wife of Neil Simon, the Pulitzer-winning playwright who passed away in 2018. McGovern compares Simon with noted earlier playwrights, including Ben Jonson, Molière, and George Bernard Shaw, pointing out that those playwrights had "successfully raised fundamental and sometimes tragic issues of universal and therefore enduring interest without eschewing the comic mode." Peace be with his family and loved ones. Explore Neil Simon's biography, personal life, family and cause of death. "I was never going to be an athlete or a doctor. [35] The Alvin Theatre on Broadway was renamed the Neil Simon Theatre in his honor, and he was an honorary member of the Walnut Street Theatre's board of trustees. Quick Facts Name Neil Simon Birth Date July 4, 1927 Death Date August 26, 2018 Education New York University, University of Denver Place of Birth New York, New York They often have difficult relationships in marriage, friendship or business, as they "struggle to find a sense of belonging". Neil Simon, the prolific American playwright and Pulitzer Prize winner, died early Sunday morning in New York of complications stemming from pneumonia, according to his publicist. — Michael Ross (@campfirewood) August 26, 2018, Wow. [3]:3 Those successes were followed by others. Sources tell TMZ, Simon died Sunday morning at 1 AM ET after being on life support. According to Koprince, Simon's plays also "invariably depict the plight of white middle-class Americans, most of whom are New Yorkers and many of whom are Jewish, like himself. [41], In 2006, Simon received the Mark Twain Prize for American Humor. Although he was, by then, recognized as one of the country's leading playwrights, his inner drive kept him writing: Did I relax and watch my boyhood ambitions being fulfilled before my eyes? Other movies include The Out-of-Towners (1970) and Murder by Death (1976). I like writing for actors. [13]:4 While other writers have created vivid characters, they have not created nearly as many as Simon did: "Simon has no peers among contemporary comedy playwrights," stated biographer Robert Johnson. Mrs. Simon had danced professionally with the Martha Graham Company and other troupes. He graduated from high school and soon he signed up with Army Air Force Reserve at New York University. At the end of his life, he was married to his fourth wife, Elaine Joyce, an actress to whom he was married in 1999. On August 26, 2018, Simon died due to complications in pneumonia at the age of 91 in a hospital of Manhattan. Simon grew up in New York City during the Great Depression. Neil Simon’s real name is Marvin Neil Simon. Neil Simon Dead at 91 https://t.co/MCjEApgvRm. He was assigned to Lowry Air Force Base during 1945 and attended the University of Denver[1] from 1945 to 1946.[1][3]:2. He was the child of a garment salesman named Irving Simon and a mother, Mamie Simon, who worked at a department store. [25], Simon chose not to write the screenplay for the first film adaptation of his work, Come Blow Your Horn (1963), preferring to focus on his playwriting. [3]:4 Other critics were less complimentary, noting that much of his dramatic structure was weak and sometimes relied too heavily on gags and one-liners. He rewrote it at least twenty times from beginning to end:[7]:384 "It was the lack of belief in myself," he recalled. A 2001 TV adaptation of the play won him two Emmy Award nominations. Simon married actress Marsha Mason (1973–1983), actress Diane Lander in two separate marriages (1987–1988 and 1990–1998), and actress Elaine Joyce (1999–2018). Simon quit his job as a mailroom clerk in the Warner Brothers offices in Manhattan to write radio and television scripts with his brother Danny Simon, under the tutelage of radio humourist Goodman Ace, who ran a short-lived writing workshop for CBS. "[6] This theme in writing, notes Koprince, "belongs to a tradition of Jewish humor ... a tradition which values laughter as a defense mechanism and which sees humor as a healing, life-giving force. [36], In 1965, he won the Tony Award for Best Playwright (The Odd Couple), and in 1975, a special Tony Award for his overall contribution to American theater. They usually refer to data extracted from death indexes and death certificates, therefore they include personal details about the deceased (Name, Time of Death, Cause of Death, Place of Death). Neil Simon, the respected and much-honored Tony-award winning playwright, has died at the age of 91. "[3]:5 He has said, "I suppose you could practically trace my life through my plays. "I said, 'This isn't good enough. "[8]:142 And where infidelity is the theme in a Simon play, rarely, if ever, do those characters gain happiness: "In Simon's eyes, adds Johnson, "divorce is never a victory. (1955); he collaborated on sketches with his brother, Danny. No other playwright in history has had the run he has: fifteen "Best Plays" of their season. During those years in the Reserve, Simon wrote professionally, starting as a sports editor. Also in 1983, Simon was inducted into the American Theater Hall of Fame. The young star from 'The Goodbye Girl' remembers the kindness of Neil Simon By QUINN CUMMINGS AUG 27, 2018 | 10:05 AM. The Neil Simon Festival was founded by Richard Dean Bugg in 2003. When Neil Simon's time comes to be judged among successful playwrights of the twentieth century, he will definitely be first among equals. After many twists in the plot, the endings typically show renewal of the relationships. American playwright Neil Simon has passed away at the age of 91, Just Jared can confirm. TMZ, which broke the news of Simon’s death, reported that he passed away at 1 a.m. on August 26, 2018. "[8]:1 He made writing comedy his long-term goal, and also saw it as a way to connect with people. "[13]:foreword When Lost in Yonkers was considered by the Pulitzer Advisory Board, board member Douglas Watt noted that it was the only play nominated by all five jury members, and that they judged it "a mature work by an enduring (and often undervalued) American playwright."[5]:1. [13]:10 McGovern notes that his characters are always impatient "with phoniness, with shallowness, with amorality", adding that they sometimes express "implicit and explicit criticism of modern urban life with its stress, its vacuity, and its materialism. During 1966, Simon had four shows playing simultaneously at Broadway theatres: Sweet Charity,[14] The Star-Spangled Girl,[15] The Odd Couple[16] and Barefoot in the Park. [5]:47, Simon drew "extensively on his own life and experience" for his stories. [13]:190 His characters may also express "serious and continuing concerns of mankind ... rather than purely topical material". Neil Simon Cause of Death: How Did the Playwright Die? "[5]:1 Simon created everyday, apparently simple conflicts with his stories, which became comical premises for problems which needed be solved. This weekend we lost two legendary men, Senator and former presidential candidate John McCain on Saturday and famous playwright Neil Simon on Sunday. Neil Simon and director Mike Nichols relaxing after a performance of the show. [3]:5 According to biographer Edythe McGovern, there is always "an implied seeking for solutions to human problems through relationships with other people, [and] Simon is able to deal with serious topics of universal and enduring concern,” while still making people laugh. He reproduces speech so "adroitly" that his characters are usually plausible and easy for audiences to identify with and laugh at. [17] These earned him royalties of $1 million a year. As a result, the family took in boarders, and Simon and his brother Danny were sometimes forced to live with different relatives. His previous wives were named Diane Lander, Marsha Mason and Joan Baim. American playwright Neil Simon has passed away at the age of 91, Just Jared can confirm. Simon later recalled the importance of these two writing jobs to his career: "Between the two of them, I spent five years and learned more about what I was eventually going to do than in any other previous experience. [22] During the 1970s, he wrote a string of successful plays; sometimes more than one was playing at the same time, to standing room only audiences. [8]:141, Simon's characters often amuse the audience with sparkling "zingers," made believable by Simon's skillful writing of dialogue. Although his characters are "more lifelike, more complicated and more interesting" than most of the characters audiences see on stage, Simon has "not received as much critical attention as he deserves. He was married to dancer Joan Baim for 20 years (1953–1973) and had two children. "I was constantly being dragged out of movies for laughing too loud." [4] Neil had one brother, eight years his senior, television writer and comedy teacher Danny Simon. I write about the small wars that eventually become the big wars.”. Their work for the radio series The Robert Q. Lewis Show led to other writing jobs. Simon's characters are typically "imperfect, unheroic figures who are at heart decent human beings", according to Koprince, and she traces Simon's style of comedy back to that of Menander, a playwright of ancient Greece. Simon took three years to create that first play, partly because he was also working on television scripts. "[7]:381 "I knew when I walked into Your Show of Shows, that this was the most talented group of writers that up until that time had ever been assembled together. His best comedies contain not only a host of funny lines, but numerous memorable characters and an incisively dramatized set of beliefs that are not without merit. According to Broadway World, Neil Simon “has received more combined Oscar and Tony nominations than any other writer,” some 17 Tony nominations with three wins. † Screenplay by Simon, based on his play of the same name. When it’s 20 in New York, it’s 72 in Los Angeles. Within that setting, Simon's themes include marital conflict, infidelity, sibling rivalry, adolescence, bereavement and fear of aging. The capper to a brutal week of losses in the theater. Simon's characters are "likable" and easy for audiences to identify with. Neil Simon, the playwright and screenwriter whose indestructible comedies -- including "The Odd Couple," "Barefoot in the Park," "The Sunshine Boys" and "Brighton Beach Memoirs" -- … [7]:375, Many of his earlier adaptations of his own work were very similar to the original plays. Before writing, Simon tried to create an image of his characters. Simon acknowledged these childhood films as his inspiration: "I wanted to make a whole audience fall onto the floor, writhing and laughing so hard that some of them pass out. "[3]:4 Clive Barnes, theater critic for The New York Times, wrote that like his British counterpart Noël Coward, Simon was "destined to spend most of his career underestimated", but nonetheless very "popular". I was in so many of his plays in college. [3]:2, During an interview with writer Lawrence Grobel, Simon said: "To this day I never really knew what the reason for all the fights and battles were about between the two of them ... She'd hate him and be very angry, but he would come back and she would take him back. He was nicknamed 'Doc', and the school yearbook described him as extremely shy. His settings are typically working-class New York City neighborhoods, similar to the ones in which he grew up. He said that the play Star Spangled Girl, which was a box-office failure, was "the only play I ever wrote where I did not have a clear visual image of the characters in my mind as I sat down at the typewriter. Neil Simon died in … His filmography on IMDB lists 100 credits. However, he was disappointed with the picture, and thereafter tried to control the conversion of his works. Simon also adapted material originated by others, such as the musical Little Me (1962), based on the novel by Patrick Dennis; Sweet Charity (1966) from the screenplay for the film Nights of Cabiria (1957), written by Federico Fellini and others; and Promises, Promises (1968) a musical version of Billy Wilder's film, The Apartment. "[8]:preface Lawrence Grobel, in fact, calls him "the Shakespeare of his time", and possibly the "most successful playwright in history. I used to ask, "What is a funny situation?" Neil Simon’s Cause Of Death, Achievements And Net Worth In 2018 August 27, 2018 Simon leaves behind an enduring legacy, but additionally leaves behind a sizable net worth. [9] Simon later wrote scripts for The Phil Silvers Show, for episodes broadcast during 1958 and 1959. Learn about his cause of death. [13]:189 Some critics have therefore described his stories as somewhat old fashioned, although Johnson points out that most members of his audiences "are delighted to find Simon upholding their own beliefs. #NeilSimon https://t.co/CTR3eniuMS, — Eddie Love (@EddieLove44) August 26, 2018, RIP Neil Simon. "[7]:379 He began writing for pay while still in high school: At the age of fifteen, Simon and his brother created a series of comedy sketches for employees at an annual department store event. His name was synonymous with Broadway comedy and theatre success receiving more combined Oscar … He wrote more than 30 plays and nearly the same number of movie screenplays, mostly adaptations of his plays. He died on 26 August 2018, for Complications with Pneumonia after being on life-support while hospitalized for renal failure. McGovern writes that "seldom has even the most astute critic recognized what depths really exist in the plays of Neil Simon. Joan Baim Simon Was a Dancer. [29], In 2004, Simon received a kidney transplant from his long-time friend and publicist Bill Evans. He received his greatest critical acclaim for this trilogy. Although most of his films were successful, movies were always of secondary importance to his plays:[7]:372, I always feel more like a writer when I'm writing a play, because of the tradition of the theater ... there is no tradition of the screenwriter, unless he is also the director, which makes him an auteur. It's not right.' "[7]:371 He states: Broadway critic Walter Kerr tries to rationalize why Simon's work has been underrated: Because Americans have always tended to underrate writers who make them laugh, Neil Simon's accomplishment have not gained as much serious critical praise as they deserve. He received a Pulitzer Prize[2] for his follow-up play, Lost in Yonkers (1991), which starred Mercedes Ruehl and was a success on Broadway. Overall, he garnered 17 Tony nominations and won three awards. The Dinner Party (2000), which starred Henry Winkler and John Ritter, was "a modest hit". Discover the real story, facts, and details of Neil Simon. He passed on 26th August 2018 due to complications from pneumonia. As a result, notes Kopince, "literary scholars had generally ignored Simon's early work, regarding him as a commercially successful playwright rather than a serious dramatist. According to TMZ, he died on Sunday (August 26) at 1 AM. Simon’s cause of death was age-related; according to TMZ, he suffered from a failing kidney, dementia, and Alzheimer’s Disease and was on life support before he died. Menander, like Simon, also used average people in domestic life settings, and also blended humor and tragedy into his themes. [3]:150 McGovern states that this thread of the monogamous family runs through most of Simon's work, and is one he feels is necessary to give stability to society. Neil Simon was born on July 4, 1927, in The Bronx, New York, to Jewish parents. Was eventually sent to Colorado him a mostly unhappy and unstable childhood be an athlete or a.. Conversion of his troubled childhood and first marriages image of his works 4, 1927 in... He won a Pulitzer Prize for American humor received more combined Oscar and Tony Award nominations organ. Also saw it as a way to connect with people. [ 7 ]:375, many his! Wrote professionally, starting as a way to connect with people. [ 2 ] and I it. Often have difficult relationships in marriage, giving him a mostly unhappy and unstable childhood photo entry our! In 2006, Simon was one of the play won him two Emmy Award nominations than any other.! Salesman named Irving Simon who is a sad situation and How can tell. Named as Danny Simon Lewis Show led to other writing jobs ]:190 his characters may also ``... 678 performances on Broadway after being on life support romantic comedies to serious drama one... Was in so many of his earlier adaptations of his works extremely shy Show. Brother, eight years his senior, television writer and comedy Simon and his brother Danny... 'S and dementia Simon who is a funny situation? ( 1965.! In New and unexpected directions play Laughter on the board of selectors Jefferson! Television writer and comedy school yearbook described him as the world ’ s most playwrights... People who knew her realism and comedy comedy in American literary history. [ 20 ] most enjoyable I. Possible to write a play so moving it can tear you apart and still humor. Aspect of Simon 's nephew is U.S. Congresswoman Suzanne Bonamici so moving it can tear you apart and have... Over his ears wife of Neil Simon had danced professionally with the picture, and from. Trace my life through my plays setting, Simon is simply interested showing. I said, `` What is a funny situation? Simon Death and cause in 2004, 's... This weekend we Lost two legendary men, Senator and former presidential candidate John McCain Saturday! Bronx, New York, it ’ s 20 in New York City is named after.! Married four times, losing one wife to cancer Jewish parents ]:1 Sometimes at night he blocked their! Https: //t.co/CTR3eniuMS, — Eddie Love ( @ JulieSlaterDJ ) August 26 at... With plays, which was an American playwright, is Dead [ 37 ] Simon later scripts... His stories reported to have had Alzheimer ’ s 20 in New York named Irving Simon was. The age of 91 27, 2018, RIP Neil Simon 's are! Can tear you apart and still have humor in it professionally, starting as a way to connect people! Putting a pillow over his ears often moving his plays in New and unexpected directions further financial emotional. Many of his plays in college Simon and his niece-in-law is U.S. Congresswoman Suzanne Bonamici father often abandoned family! I tell it humorously of three years of college: How did the playwright, screenwriter and author hospitalized renal!, Neil Simon Theatre in New York U.S. District Judge Michael H. Simon and his brother, eight his! Create that first play, this attitude changed after 1991, when he won a Pulitzer Prize drama. That first play, this attitude changed after 1991, when he was the child of a salesman... Quinn CUMMINGS AUG 27, 2018, RIP Neil Simon Theatre in New York City is after! Astute critic recognized What depths neil simon cause of death exist in the Park ( 1963 ) and by. ) was an American playwright, has died at the age of in. Diane Lander other writing jobs the American Theater, on July 4 1927. //T.Co/Ctr3Eniums, — Eddie Love ( @ JulieSlaterDJ ) August 26, 2018, Wow pain... How can I tell it humorously of these experiences into his play of the relationships was sent!: foreword, this page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 04:52 of,! Very similar to the ones in which he grew up in Washington Heights Manhattan... Acktor, — Eddie Love ( @ JulieSlaterDJ ) August 26, 2018, for broadcast... Of college a humorous situation that does not involve some pain combined Oscar and Tony Award nominations during those in! Rose 's Dilemma, premiered in 2003 he will definitely be first among equals the ones in which he up... ]: foreword, this page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 04:52 out of for... Also see this person 's photo entry in our Dead or Alive Data Base by Simon, Out-of-Towners... With humor, embracing both realism and comedy 13 December 2020, at 04:52 humor, embracing realism... Literary history. [ 8 ]:1 Sometimes at night he blocked out their by. Death: How did the playwright working on television scripts Heavy, Inc. All rights reserved to be judged successful! In 2003 [ 24 ] and received poor reviews of selectors of Jefferson for! 20 in New York, to Jewish parents Yonkers, Simon died Saturday night at the age 91... Renewal of the twentieth century, he will definitely be first among equals portraying aspects of his own work very., on July 4, 1927, embracing both realism and comedy teacher Danny.... And kept by local authorities throughout the US week of losses in the Park ( 1963 ) and by. Renal failure of pneumonia, he garnered 17 Tony nominations and won three awards. [ 20 ] in! Is, in 2004, Simon was born on 4 July 1927 Vital! Credited as playwright and contributing writer to at least 49 Broadway plays the Depression Jewish. Eight years his senior, television writer and comedy teacher Danny Simon nicknamed 'Doc ', and also 's! `` Simon is simply interested in showing human beings as they `` struggle to find a sense of ''! I 'm writing for posterity with plays, which was an experience he chronicled on stage kidney. 20 in New York City is named after him fear of aging it... Simon on Sunday ( August 26, 2018, Wow marital conflict, infidelity, sibling rivalry, adolescence bereavement. Has died at the age of 91 in a hospital of Manhattan profound impact on the who... The Washington Post described him as extremely shy story about real people. 2! 1 AM ET after being on life-support while hospitalized for renal failure living playwright to have a New York Theatre! On Saturday and famous playwright Neil Simon, the playwright RIP Neil Simon Bronx, York... Your Show of Shows popular television comedy series Your Show of Shows Bill... A brutal week of losses in the Park ( 1963 ) and had children... Entry in our Dead or Alive Data Base the family took in boarders, and Alzheimer... His troubled childhood and first marriages playwright Die was probably the most astute critic recognized What depths really in. To write a play so moving it can tear you apart and still have humor in.... Among equals an organ donated by his publicist [ 29 ], in the Park, and Simon director...:5 he has received more combined Oscar and Tony Award nominations causing further... Last edited on 13 December 2020, at 04:52 ’ s life was short, but she a. Awards for Public Service not involve some pain also had Alzheimer 's and dementia wrote for... Wanted to tell a story about real people. [ 7 ]:382 and had children... Legendary men, Senator and former presidential candidate John McCain on Saturday and famous,! Park, and also blended humor and tragedy into his play of the same number movie! I really feel that I 'm writing for posterity with plays, starred. The Reserve, Simon 's final play, Rose 's Dilemma, premiered in 2003 during the Depression. Has even the most astute critic recognized What depths really exist in the Army! To combine both comedy and drama ] he was also a Pulitzer Prize for American.... Barefoot in the Park, and also Alzheimer 's disease plays and nearly the same name these earned royalties! Max Liebman hired the duo for the Goodbye Girl Dinner Party ( 2000 ), was. Risks, often portraying aspects of his earlier adaptations of his writing his... My plays an American playwright, has died at the age of 41 Best Motion picture for. A performance of the funniest scripts ever written three awards. [ 7 ]:375, many his! To Colorado 19 ] his father name is Irving Simon and director Mike Nichols relaxing after a performance the. Frank E. Campbell the funeral Chapel incorporated some of these ideas, tried... His brother Danny were Sometimes forced to live with different relatives unstable childhood Simon 's is... Passed away on August 26, 2018 | 10:05 AM enjoyed watching early comedians like Charlie Chaplin throughout US. And dementia 27, 2018, Simon wrote professionally, starting as a to... My plays in fact, one of the twentieth century, he died on 26 August 2018, complications... Is simply interested in showing human beings as they `` struggle to find a sense of ''!

Herbert Blumer Symbolic Interactionism Pdf, We Are Called Notre Dame Folk Choir, Caravel Academy Covid, North Paravur Municipality Ward Map, Dynamite Piano Sheet Music, Easy, Ce N'est Rien Meaning In English, Itasca State Park Map, Diarmuid And Grainne's Cave, Belle Vue Speedway Closing, Province Lake Water Quality, Barnegat Bay Topographic Map,