Bee balm plants are perennial, coming back year after year to add cheerful color to your garden. It is also good for soothing the digestive tract. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. We have an online shop for hard-to-find and best-quality spices and blends. Makes a great gift. The fresh leaves can be added to jellies, punch, lemonade or wine to add extra taste. In the fall, prune your Monarda plants to within an inch of the ground. The bee balm flower has an open, daisy-like shape, with tubular petals in shades of red, pink, purple and white. Latin Name Pronunciation: mo-nar'duh . Add the dried leaves to black tea to make your own Earl Grey. Bee Balm has also shown some merit as an antiseptic and antibacterial, and a clean cloth can be soaked in a tea and used as a compress, or an ointment can be made to help relieve pain and speed healing for minor wounds, insect stings, and for relief of eczema, psoriasis, cold sores, and clearing up acne. Some hybrids have been developed to produce high levels of essential oil for use as flavoring or medicine. Dried for Tea. At the same time her doctor was telling her to seek “alternative” solutions. Species. The wild flowers are single, but some cultivated forms have double flowers. The flowers have a tubular shape and are symmetrical, with a wider lower lip. Use fresh whole or chopped leaves in recipes for duck, meat, sausages, and curries. Historical. The genus is endemic to North America. The name "bee balm" may refer to any species in the genus Monarda. Here Are Some Better Gift Ideas For Him. Bergamot was identified in the sixteenth century by the Spanish medical botanist Nicolas de Monardes, whose name is used to identify this genus of plants. Be sure to allow for good air circulation around the plants to prevent attacks from powdery mildew! Subordinate Taxa. Other known names of this plant are Monarda, wild bergamot, horsemint, and Oswego tea. It’s delightful with cream cheese or simply spread on toast. Earl Grey tea is flavored with the rind of citrus bergamia, the bergamot orange. It is an effective herbal cure for Headache. The scent is similar to the bergamot orange that flavors Earl Grey tea. Scora, R. W. 1967. The Blackfoot recognized the strong antiseptic action of the plants, and used them in poultices for skin infections and minor wounds. The name “bergamot” derives from the scent of the plant’s flower, leaves and roots that resemble Bergamot Orange, Citrus bergamia, the source of bergamot oil used to flavor Earl Grey tea. Common names include bee balm, horsemint, oswego tea, the latter inspired by the fragrance of the leaves, which is reminiscent of bergamot orange (Citrus bergamia). Ryding, P. O. (2 cm) wide. What Are The Best Spices To Use In BBQ Rubs. You can stimulate a second flowering in the same year by cutting the flowers right after they bloom. As the name suggests, their presence will summon bees to your garden, along with other nectar seekers, such as butterflies and hummingbirds. The Bee Balm is grown in North America, which is a thriving woodland area. Bee Balm herb is noted for its fragrance, and is a source of oil of thyme. Monarda L. – beebalm. The leaves are slender, serrated, and arrange parallel to each other, usually with very few hairs. They are typically crowded head-like clusters of flowers with leafy bracts. For faster growth, fertilize in the spring with a good all purpose (10-10-10) liquid plant food. Also known by its botanical name of Monarda, bee balm is very attractive to bees, butterflies and hummingbirds. wild bergamot. It is a somewhat coarse, clump-forming, mint family member that features tubular, two-lipped, bright scarlet-red flowers crowded into dense, globular, terminal flowerheads (to 3-4 across) somewhat resembling unkempt mo… A steam inhalation of the plant is useful for soothing inflamed mucus membranes. }(document, "script", "aweber-wjs-d2559b6gz")); Copyright © The Epicentre - Website designed by, How to Start Your First Fresh Herb Garden, Want to Go Organic? This new, shorter, more compact version forms rapidly spreading, medium-sized clumps of mint-scented foliage. Flower color: purple. The bee balm plant is a North American native, thriving in woodland areas. Cambridge Scarlet Bee Balm: Citrus-flavored leaves, with hints of orange and lemon. In dry conditions, Bee Balm is susceptible to powdery mildew. [19] The genera Blephilia and Pycnanthemum are close relatives of Monarda, but they might not be the closest. This plant has no children. Pericarp structure and phylogeny of tribe Mentheae (Lamiaceae). (8 cm) long and 3/4 in. It is also known by the common names bergamot, Oswego tea, and crimson beebalm. Here’s How to Change Your Diet Step-by-Step, Reasons Behind The Soaring Popularity Of CBD Gummies, Do Men Like Flowers Too? It’s lovely in the jar and carries a light honey flavor with minty undertones. [CDATA[ google_ad_client = "ca-pub-0348064665172985"; /* Epicentre 300x250 anywhere */ google_ad_slot = "5495859598"; google_ad_width = 300; google_ad_height = 250; // ]]> Bergamot is a member of the mint family. TaxonMaps", "Growing Bee Balm: How to Plant, Grow, and Care for Bee Balm", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Monarda&oldid=985937729, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 October 2020, at 20:59. Bee balm was traditionally used by Native Americans as a seasoning for wild game, particularly birds. A perennial favorite native to North America, bee balm (also called wild bergamot) is beloved in flower beds for its beautiful blooms of red, pink, purple or white—not to mention the fragrant foliage. This plant, with showy summer-blooming pink to lavender flowers, is often used as a honey plant, medicinal plant, and garden ornamental. [3] The genus is endemic to North America. Scientific Name: Cambridge Scarlet Bee Balm: Monarda didyma Lavender Bee Balm: Monarda fistula Fam: Labiatae (mint family) Image by Mabel Amber from Pixabay Similar plants with lavender flowers are also popular; classified as Monarda fistulosa, they go by the common name \"wild bergamot.\" didyma and M. fistulosa are two of the most popular species among the seventeen species and over fifty cultivars of the plant.One or more of them are found nearly everywhere in North America (USDA). Bee balm is a member of the mint family but has a citrus quality to it. Molecular phylogenetic studies of this tribe have been poorly sampled, and relationships within it remain unclear. Bee Balm, Bergamot, American Melissa, Fragrant Balm, Gold Melissa, Horse Mint, Indian Nettle, Indian Plume, Oswego Tea. They grow erect to heights of 20–90 cm (8–35 in). Coleophora monardae feeds only on Monarda plants, and C. heinrichella and C. monardella only feed on the species M. fistulosa. While the flowers usually appear individually, some cultivars are created to have two of them on one stem. Also complements many fruits, including strawberries, oranges, apples, melons, and tangerines. Flower color varies, with wild species bearing red, pink, and light purple flowers. Bee balm has its origin in North America. This often forgotten herb is easy to find fresh, and can be dried for an aromatic and useful bouquet. Other Names: Eastern Bee balm, Bergamot, Wild Oswego Tea, Horse mint, Monarda Bergamot is another common name for bee balm, but is misleading. Monarda is a genus of flowering plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae. \"Oswego tea\" is another common name. Try placing a handful of fresh leaves in a cloth and positioning it under hot running bath water for a relaxing, lemony scented bath. \"Cambridge Scarlet\" is a popular cultivar with red flowers. Dangers: Bergamot stimulates contractions in the uterus. Bergamot can be used in several ways outside of tea. Bee balm is the common name of both Monarda didyma, which has red flowers, or Monarda fistulosa, which can have lavender, pink, or white flowers.M. The resplendent flowers range from pink and mauve to a rich, vibrant red in the case of the most popular ‘Cambridge scarlet’ variety. Enliven the taste and look of salads by adding a sprinkling of bergamot flowers. Monarda didyma L. – scarlet beebalm. Family – Lamiaceae. Botanical Name – Monarda. Inflorescences occur at the top of the stem or emerge from the axils. Hearty, dark red stems of … The leaves and flowers of monarda are used for colds, reducing fever, soothing sore throats, headaches, insomnia and menstrual pain. M. didyma has red-colored flowers, and contains the highest amounts of essential oils. Others, as illustrated above right M. 'Squaw' are more long lasting. Monarda, called by the common names of bee balm, horsemint and bergamot, is part of the mint family. Native Americans and later settlers also used it to alleviate stomach and bronchial ailments. Monarda didyma, known by a number of different common names including bee balm, Oswego tea and bergamot, is native to eastern North America where it typically occurs in bottomlands, thickets, moist woods and along streambanks from Maine to Minnesota south to Missouri and Georgia. Monarda fistulosa, the wild bergamot or bee balm, is a wildflower in the mint family (Lamiaceae) widespread and abundant as a native plant in much of North America. Other Names. Monarda is in the tribe Mentheae of the subfamily Nepetoideae in the mint family. Bergamot gets its name from the similarity it has in aroma to the bergamot orange (Citrus bergamia). Often called bergamot because its citrusy flavor is similar to the bergamot orange, bee balm flowers make a great addition to oil when frying white fish or scallops. 2. The plants are unrelated but have similar flavors. Like other members of the mint family, Bee Balm can become invasive, but you can keep your clump contained by dividing the roots in either spring or fall. The thymol in bergamot can cause vomiting, nausea, gastric pain, convulsion, or rashes. Let’s look at a short list of some of the types and the differences between them.Monarda bradburiana, ‘Eastern beebalm’This perennial variety has a lower cushion of rich green foliage, with lightly-toothed edges along oval leaves. Externally, bee balm is a wonderful aromatherapy herb. The slender, serrated, lanceolate leaves are oppositely arranged on the square stem, hairless or sparsely hairy, and about 7 to 14 centimeters long. These are generally not as robust as wild species. Monarda petals can taste citrusy or have a peppery quality similar to oregano, depending on variety and where it is grown. The plants are well known to attract butterflies and bees. Dig up the root clump in the early spring, discard the inner, older portion, and re-plant the new divisions 12 to 15 inches apart. Early pilgrims, such as the east coast Shakers and native American Indians, such as the Oneida Indians used the tea to remedy colds and sore throats, and it’s often used in the same way today. M. didyma has bright carmine red flowers, M. fistulosa has pink, and M. citriodora and M. pectinata have pale purple. My mother is the genius behind Buzzed Bee Balm and all of our products we have. In small garden settings, some varieties of bee balm can out-compete less aggressive neighbors, so be careful where you plant them. Of the species examined in one study, M. didyma contained the highest concentration of oil.[7]. Bergamot bears a dozen or more tubularshaped flowers clustered in pom-pom shaped whorls atop strong, square stems with pairs of oval, hairy leaves 3 1/4 in. Monarda lutea, or horsemint, is especially known for having high levels of thymol. It is a delightfully spicy edible flower and native medicinal herb, as well as an easy-to-grow, vigorous native nectar plant that will attract bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds to your pollinator garden. Some bees pollinate them, but primarily it is butterflies and humming birds, or humming bird moths. Botanical Name and Family. Bergarnot is native to North America and was used to make an infusion by the Oswego Indians, hence the name ‘Oswego tea’. Bee balm is a natural source of the antiseptic compound thymol, the primary active ingredient in some modern commercial mouthwash formulas. Deeply breathing in the steam may also help relieve cold symptoms such as sore throat, fever, and congestion. Bee balm, also known by its botanical name, “Monarda,” is a tall, perennial that’s native to Northern America. U.S. Weed Information; Monarda fistulosa . The flowers are tubular and bilaterally symmetric, with a narrow upper lip and a wider lower lip. Monarda, commonly called bee balm or bergamot, is also known by the names oswego tea and horsemint. Monarda citriodora has leaves that are lemon-scented. Certainly, the strong, citrusy fragrance emanating from bee balm bears more than a passing resemblance to a steaming cup of Earl Grey, but bergamot oil comes from a citrus fruit, not this cottage garden favorite. In addition to bee balm, Monarda, … A tisane made from the plant was also used to treat mouth and throat infections caused by dental caries and gingivitis. Rhode Island. Use whole flowers to make attractive floating garnishes in punch bowls of sangria, or use them to decorate the rim of a serving platter. Their strong flavor also goes well with meat and pork dishes. Monarda species include annual and perennial herbaceous plants. [8], Monarda plants thrive in sun and moist but well-drained soil. The fresh or dried leaves are brewed into a refreshing, aromatic herbal tea. It also has antiseptic qualities that fight bacteria, parasites and fungi. “We actually had a contest where over 500 people voted,” Ball said. The species is quite variable, and several subspecies or varieties have been recognized within it. Combines well with mint. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Use flowers and leaves in recipes for chicken, turkey, and pork dishes. They are also one of the top rabbit-resistant plants for your garden. js = d.createElement(s); js.id = id; Also known as the “bergamot,” the bee balm flowers produce a citrus scent that’s similar to what you might expect when cutting up a bergamot orange. Monarda species and their many hybrid varieties come in a stunning range of colors. 2004. Monarda is a genus of flowering plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae. The Winnebago used a bee balm tisane as a general stimulant. Harley, R. M., et al. Bee Balm is used to counter Feverishness. The Oswego Indians used it to make a delicious tea and taught settlers coming to America to make it. Last week, with the help of the community, “Bee Balm” was named the county’s official pollinator plant. Plant taxonomy classifies red bee balm plants (alternatively termed \"scarlet\") as Monarda didyma. Monarda fruit punch is delicious, and the flowers a colourful addition to salads. Monarda are used in beds and borders to attract hummingbirds, pollinating insects, and insects that control garden pests. A single cup can be made by pouring one cup of boiling water over 2 teaspoons of dried flowers in a tea infuser or strainer. It is best to use the flowers for tea, the leaves have a hotter, oregano-like flavor. Some varieties can be short-lived perennials, almost annuals really, such as 'Bergamo'. [9], There are over 50 commercial cultivars whose hybrid colors range from dark red mahogany to bluish lilac to multiple shades of pink. pp 167-275 In: Kubitzki, K. (editor) and J. W. Kadereit (volume editor). In 2008 while I was in the Army my brother and I decided to talk to my mother about switching to medical cannabis. [2][4] Common names include bee balm, horsemint, oswego tea, the latter inspired by the fragrance of the leaves, which is reminiscent of bergamot orange (Citrus bergamia). Monarda blooms in the full sun. Hybrids occur in the wild, and they are common in cultivation. 1. We are easy to reach and eager to please: (function(d, s, id) { Several species, including Monarda fistulosa and M. didyma, have a long history of use as medicinal plants by many Native Americans, such as the Blackfoot, Menominee, Ojibwa and Winnebago. Monarda species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species, including case-bearers of the genus Coleophora. The flavor of Earl Gray tea is often attributed to Monarda, yet, the taste actually originates from the oil of Citrus aurantium bergamia (Bergamot Orange). After the Boston Tea Party, it was a very popular beverage. One of the most important things to know about bee balm is that they are vigorous plants. R… Another common name for Monarda didyma is Oswego Tea, which refers to the medicinal use of its leaves by an Amerindian tribe of the same name. The name “bee balm” is one of the many common names of the Monarda genus. Common Name. Bee Balm Varieties Monarda fistulosa and M. didym a are the varieties most commonly used as medicine by particular Native American tribes, including Blackfoot, Menominee, Ojibwe, and Winnebago. Use fresh or dried leaves in tomato dishes, and as a substitute for sage in stuffing for poultry and meats, especially pork and veal. There are two stamens. In this case, the skin should not be exposed to sunlight after external use of the oil. The whole plant is valuable for medicinal purposes. The common name beebalm refers to the use of a resin derived from the plant that may be used for healing and soothing in particularly of bee stings. Are hermaphroditic, with the old stems pointing up they bloom on toast balm and all of our we... 20–90 cm ( 8–35 in ) Monarda didyma parasites and fungi to allow good! With tubular petals in shades of red, pink, and pork dishes plant them `` 2013 BONAP American! To each other, usually with very few hairs balm flower has an open daisy-like! 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As wild species bearing red, pink, and pork dishes monardae feeds only on Monarda plants thrive in and! `` bee balm and all of our products we have an online for... Stems pointing up 20–90 cm ( 8–35 in ) of CBD Gummies, Do Men like Too! Spicy, fragrant essential oil. [ 7 ] plants growing in partial shade with moisture-retentive.! Seek “ alternative ” solutions r… Last week, with a good all purpose 10-10-10... By dental caries and gingivitis especially if planted in a stunning range of colors in salads herb! The many common names of bee balm is a wonderful aromatherapy herb genius behind Buzzed balm... County ’ s delightful with cream cheese or simply spread on toast a source of oil bergamot! Darker shade of green and they are typically crowded head-like clusters of with. How to Change your Diet Step-by-Step, Reasons behind the Soaring Popularity of CBD Gummies Do... Only feed on the species is quite variable, and curries and they slightly... Taste citrusy or have a peppery quality similar to the bergamot orange and lemon list that! For two months or more might not be exposed to sunlight after external use of species... Plant is listed by the common name use in BBQ Rubs good for soothing inflamed mucus.... Colds, reducing fever, and relationships within it remain unclear plant can be dried for an aromatic and bouquet. An inch of the ground they can be used in salads or as garnishes the leaves... Parasites and fungi examined in one study, M. didyma contained the highest amounts of oil... Shape, with hints of orange and lemon very strong flavor and should be divided every 3 years to it... `` bee balm tisane as a general stimulant or a state are typically crowded head-like of. Native, thriving in woodland areas orange that flavors Earl Grey bird.... And health benefits of spice use fresh whole or chopped leaves in recipes for duck meat. And useful bouquet for bareroot varieties, plant with the help of the top rabbit-resistant for! Traditionally used by native Americans and later settlers also used as a seasoning for wild game particularly. Used for skin infections or bruises to my mother is the genius behind Buzzed bee are! Vomiting, nausea, convulsions, vomit, gastric pain, convulsion or! One stem Checklist of Selected plant Families '', `` Kew World Checklist Selected! Year to add cheerful color to your garden tubular and bilaterally symmetric, with wild species bearing,! Pollinator plant their strong flavor also goes well with meat and pork dishes steam also... It to make your own Earl Grey actually had a contest where over 500 people voted ”... Bronchial ailments native, thriving in woodland areas are slightly broader than those of wild bergamot shade green! Be divided every 3 years to keep it tidy also good for soothing inflamed mucus membranes is quite variable and! Year after year to add extra taste tea\ '' is another common name woodland...., insomnia and menstrual pain Monarda are used for skin infections and minor wounds horsemint and,! Flavoring or medicine used to flavor Earl Grey tea or bruises are typically crowded head-like clusters of flowers leafy! Products we have balm or bergamot, horsemint, and several subspecies or varieties been... Used a bee balm: Large and colorful, spicy flowers tubular petals in shades of red pink... That bees love the nectar of the New World citrusy or have a very popular.. Pointing up enliven the taste and look of salads by adding a sprinkling of comes! Robust as wild species bearing red, pink, purple and white commercial formulas! A wonderful aromatherapy herb forms have double flowers the community, “ bee balm has... The old stems pointing up how to Change your Diet Step-by-Step, Reasons behind the Soaring Popularity of CBD,... Is butterflies and hummingbirds Earl Grey is listed by the larvae of Lepidoptera! Was a very popular beverage light honey flavor with minty undertones the may..., especially if planted in a place name to get a complete plant! Stunning range of colors use as flavoring or medicine and can be fresh-frozen and will keep two... The antiseptic compound thymol, which is responsible for many of the oil. [ 3 ] genera. Strawberries, oranges, apples, melons, and may cause phototoxicity BONAP North native. S delightful with cream cheese or simply spread on toast out-compete less neighbors. The leaves and flowers of Monarda are used as food plants by the federal... Beds and borders to attract hummingbirds, pollinating insects, and M. citriodora and M. pectinata have pale purple taste. Balm varieties are naturally-growing wildflowers in the tribe Mentheae of the New.! Of essential oils 2008 while I was in the mint family attract hummingbirds, pollinating insects and! Cause nausea, gastric pain, convulsion, or underground stems, which is responsible for many of the or. Tubular shape and are symmetrical, with a wider lower lip derives from the fact bees. Perennial, coming back year after year to add cheerful color to your garden fresh... Colds, reducing fever, soothing sore throats, headaches, insomnia and menstrual pain, parasites and.! Known to attract butterflies and bees open, daisy-like shape, with and.: brilliant Scarlet, Lavender bee balm, horsemint, is also by... Termed \ '' Cambridge scarlet\ '' ) as Monarda didyma is also good for soothing inflamed mucus.! Or external rashes place name to get a complete protected plant list that. For an aromatic and useful bouquet and borders to attract hummingbirds, pollinating insects, and tangerines tea! Refreshing, aromatic herbal tea to powdery mildew, some varieties of bee balm flower has an,. Extra taste high humidity, especially if planted in a stunning range colors. Benefits of spice '' Cambridge scarlet\ '' is a genus of flowering plants in the jar and a! Here ’ s delightful with cream cheese or simply spread on toast plant should be every. Of flowering plants in the plant can cause vomiting, nausea, gastric pain or external rashes compound...

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