in periods of rest), covering the strings with the hands quickly dampens the vibrations. (2007). These more comples instruments were given names of altered and combined words, and such instruments became know as "rana-t" , "khaw-ng wong" and so forth. The bridge is a wooden device for the stringed musical instrument which support their strings and transfers the vibration from the strings to the other structural of the instrument. We estimate that there are at least 52700 persons in the world having this name which is around 0.001% of the population. There are 14 groups of strings on the khim, and each group has 3 strings. This is made for professional musicians and only used for special occasions. 林沖夜奔 (Lin Chong Flees In The Night), composed by 項祖華 (Xiang Zu Hua), is a representative solo piece which utilizes 雙音琴竹. This panel is opened up during tuning to access the tuning pegs. In the playing of traditional Chinese music, most Chinese yangqin players use a numerical notation system called jianpu, rather than Western staff notation. Are you looking for more answers, or do you have a question for other crossword enthusiasts? The khim’s string is a brass 24 gauge string. There are 42 pins on each side. It is also spelled yang quin or yang ch'in. The instrument's antiquity belies the fact that it was a relative latecomer to the American South. The Khim family name was found in the USA in 1920. The name Khim is ranked on the 5,626th position of the most used names. "foreign zither"), but over time the first character changed to 揚 (also pronounced "yáng"), which means "acclaimed". Furthermore, some songs require the use of "雙音琴竹" (shuāng yīn qín zhǔ), literally "double-note yangqin hammers". The khim (pronounced "kim," with a rising tone, in Thai) is a hammered dulcimer from Thailand and Cambodia. This technique, known as 反竹 (fǎnzhǔ), is best utilized in the higher ranges of the yangqin. Use the “Crossword Q & A” community to ask for help. Historians offer several theories to explain how the instrument was introduced to China: The word "yangqin" has historically been written in two different ways, using different Chinese characters for "yang". During the 16th century, the Age of Exploration in Europe reached its climax and soon trade was established between China and Europe. From right to left, they are: bass bridge, "right bridge", tenor bridge, "left bridge", and the chromatic bridge. People who play this type of khim should be the musician who has a high degree of performance skill. [1] At the end of the Ayutthaya period, Thai people obtained the knowledge of how to build and play early versions of the khim from China. It is very attractive for children as it looks like a toy for them and the size of this shape is suitable for small children as well. This instrument, along with its rise in popularity, came along with various other goods in trading arrangements with Chinese merchants. How unique is the name Khim? This Khim was introduced to Cambodia, Laos and Thailand from China, where a similar (though, since the late 20th century, usually larger) instrument is called Yangqin. Standard size that is popular among the primary students for beginning lessons. This shape is often painted with deep or bright color, and children who play the khim usually stick the cartoon sticker on the box. This was about 33% of all the recorded Khim's in the USA. The khim came to China from Persia during the Ming-Qing dynasty (1368-1911) and was popular in the northeast of the Kwang Tung territory. The main character could play the khim very well, and the adaptations popularised the instrument with the song, "Nang Kruan". Pronunciation. Middle note ล (La3 or A3) right side, treble bridge. Thai musical instruments are varied and reflect ancient influence from far afield – including the klong thap and khim (Persian origin), the jakhe (Indian origin), the klong jin (Chinese origin), and the klong kaek (Indonesian origin). There are many different varieties of Instruments from Thailand. Hammered dulcimers like the khim represent the ancient invention of strings getting beaten by hammers, which resulted in the western piano as well as the various dulcimers in Southeast Asia. Music historians report[citation needed] that the salterio, a hammered dulcimer, was played in Portugal, Spain, and Italy during this period. The port at Canton/Guangzhou attracts traders from all over Asia: from Japan, India, Southeast Asia, and the Middle East. Thai instruments The Thais had instruments of their own and some were from China such as the khim dulcimer, malaw cymbal and klawng jin drum. The mallets of the santur also differ from those of the yangqin – they are made of wood with finger grip, designed to let the players perform by gripping the two mallets between their fore and middle fingers. Another theory of how the yangqin came into contact with the Chinese is through the Silk Road from Mongolia. On both sides of the yangqin, aside from the tuning screws, are numerous cylindrical metal Nuts that can be moved for fine tuning the strings or to raise the strings slightly to eliminate unwanted vibrations that may occur. This is the latest design with two bridges, 7 notes and 42 strings, which is also called a fancy khim. 50 Answers for the clue Musical instrument on Crossword Clues, the ultimate guide to solving crosswords. https://www.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/liberalarts/article/viewFile/15189/13932, Traditional Cambodian musical instruments, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Khim&oldid=987985550, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 November 2020, at 11:42. This khim was introduced to Cambodia, Laos and Thailand from China, where a similar (though, since the late 20th century, usually larger) instrument is called yangqin It is played with two flexible bamboo sticks with soft leather at the tips to produce a soft tone. It didn't come over on the Mayflower or any other ship of British origin. A boy playing a khim The instrument was introduced to Thailand and Cambodia from China, where a similar (though, since the late 20th century, usually larger) instrument is called yangqin; the khim produces a significantly softer sound. The hammers are made of flexible bamboo, and one end is half covered by rubber. Traditional instruments, with three or more courses of bridges, are also still widely in use. [citation needed], Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Hou Yilan plays Manchu Countryside Capriccio (金翎思-滿鄉隨想), Composed by Hanli Liu, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Yangqin&oldid=983726140, Articles with weasel words from March 2008, Articles needing additional references from November 2006, All articles needing additional references, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles containing simplified Chinese-language text, Articles containing traditional Chinese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2007, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2007, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2010, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, that the instrument may have been introduced by land, through the, that it was introduced by sea, through the port of. musical instruments - A plucked, seven-string Chinese musical instrument of the zither family, favoured by scholars and the literati in ancient times. "butterfly zither") played in the traditional silk and bamboo genre from the Shanghai region known as Jiangnan sizhu (江南絲竹), as well as in some Cantonese music groups. The 66-string khim is a large instrument and very heavy. The khim (Thai: ขิม, pronounced [kʰǐm]; Khmer: ឃឹម Khum) is a stringed musical instrument derived from the Mesopotamian or Persian Santur. The hitch pins are on the left side of the sound-box and tuning pins are on the right side. Jintana, B. The trapezoidal yangqin (simplified Chinese: 扬琴; traditional Chinese: 揚琴; pinyin: yángqín) is a Chinese hammered dulcimer, likely derived from the Iranian santur or the European dulcimer. Khim is derived from Old English origins. Overall, the khim has a total of 42 strings. A professional musician often carries several sets of beaters, each of which draws a slightly different tone from the instrument, much like the drum sticks of Western percussionists. He was struck by an arrow fired by a member of Túrin's outlaw band when he and his family were set upon near their home at Amon Rûdh. 58. It is made of wood and trapezoidal in shape, with brass strings that are laid across the instrument. You are a unique individual. This instrument had an influence on the Thai classical instrument, known as Khim (ขิม). It is also the 24,103 rd most frequently used first name globally It is held by 35,288 people. The yangqin's solo repertoire calls for more techniques than is usually required in orchestral pieces. The Australian-born musician and vocal artist Lisa Gerrard specialises in the use of a khim hammered dulcimer, featuring its music on several albums and performing with the instrument live on tour. Then the player turns the wrench which tightens or loosens the string to the desired pitch. It is made of wood, with brass strings that are laid across the instrument. Traditional Thai musical instruments (Thai: เครื่องดนตรีไทย, RTGS: Khrueang Dontri Thai) are the musical instruments used in the traditional and classical music of Thailand.They comprise a wide range of wind, string, and percussion instruments played by both the Thai majority as well as the nation's ethnic minorities.. Wiki content for Khim Khim - The khim (Thai: ขิม, pronounced [kʰǐm]; Khmer: ឃឹម Khum) is a stringed musical instrument derived from the Mesopotamian or Persian Santur. Also remember that other Cambodian instruments are of Chinese origin: khim zither, the various bicorde fiddles (tro), or the big barrel drum skor thom, known in Cambodia since the Angkorian period. However, this is not a rule: the Singapore Chinese Orchestra positions the yangqin close to the percussion section. Idiophones are instruments which make sound primarily by way of the instrument itself vibrating without the use of membranes or strings. These are only rules of thumb since the arrangement has to be modified towards the extremes of the pitch range to fill out notes in the chromatic scale. Spirituality Charge: Distinguished Learn more about the word "Khim", its origin, alternative forms, and usage from Wiktionary. As the yangqin is a type of hammered dulcimer, it shares many elements of construction with other instruments in the hammered dulcimer family: Modern yangqin usually have 144 strings in total, with each pitch running in courses, with up to 5 strings per course, in order to boost the volume. The ships from this region bought back precious stones, slaves, exotic wares, fruits, spices, etc. The yangqin has also been modified, much like an electric guitar, to be an amplified electronic instrument. Both modern and earlier yangqin mallets did not include finger grips. Khim (small hammered chinese dulcimer) Saw Sam Sai (three stringed fiddle) Since the 20th century some western instruments have been used occasionally, such as the violin and the organ. While the popularity of Chinese operawas rising, the instrument became popular due to its use within th… As the yangqin is softer than other Chinese instruments, it is usually positioned at the front of the orchestra, in the row just in front of the conductor. Hammered dulcimers of various types are now very popular not only in China, but also Eastern Europe, the Middle East, India, Iran, and Pakistan. “P.ZZ..” will find “PUZZLE”.) Such an arrangement facilitates transposition. Sound holes are the holes on the soundboard to enhance the bright sound and prevent the humidity in the soundbox which creates the swelling of the wood. Using a various type of wood to build the soundbox. This instrument can be played by either sitting down on the floor with the khim on the floor, or by sitting on a chair or standing while the khim is on a stand. Origin & history From Mandarin 古琴 (gǔqín), made up of 古 ‘ancient’ and 琴 ‘stringed instrument’. Softwood has a light texture which helps creating the sound.[1]. The purpose of this research were to … The yangqin was traditionally fitted with bronze strings (though older Chinese stringed instruments used silk strings, resulting in their, and the yangqin's, categorisation as a silk, or "si" instrument), which gave the instrument a soft timbre. KHIM INTEGRATED is committed to reducing our environmental impact and improving the communities where we live and work. The technical structure of the santur is different in the way the tuning pegs are place, the bridges and the mallets. Khim has two bridges and there are many notes on the bridge bases on the different type of khim[1]. It is played with two flexible bamboo sticks with soft leather at the tips to produce a soft tone. Historians say[citation needed] it is possible that the yangqin originated when the Portuguese, the English or the Dutch brought a dulcimer player to China who performed for locals.[1]. The yangqin has been called the "Chinese piano" as it has an indispensable role in the accompaniment of Chinese string and wind instruments. Glissandos can also be achieved in this way by running the ends of the sticks up or down the strings. There are 14 groups of strings on the khim, and each group has 3 strings. This shape is the bigger size of khim with two bridges and 9, 11, or 15 notes. Hoorah! The Thai and Cambodian khim are nearly identical in their construction, having been introduced to those nations by southern Chinese musicians. Players of these dulcimers are well reputated for their high playing skills, whether it is a Persian Santoor player or a Thai khim soloist.. Pictures (click to enlarge): (Enter a dot for each missing letters, e.g. The instrument's lid, which is made from the same block of wood as its resonator, has relief carving in the style of Khmer shadow puppets. As the yangqin's tones sustain long after they have been played, such an arrangement minimizies the dissonance that results. The pitches are arranged so that in general, moving one section away from the player's body corresponds to a transposition of a whole tone upwards. Idiophones set in motion by a percussion action, including 111. directly struck instruments, 112. indirectly strucked. Khîm was a Petty-dwarf, was the son of Mîm and brother of Ibûn. It is played with two flexible bamboo sticks and is used as both a solo and ensemble instrument. The Iranian santur, a dulcimer, has existed since ancient times. The instrument's strings are struck with two lightweight bamboo beaters (also known as hammers) with rubber tips. During playing, one is supposed to strike the strings on the left side of the bridges. These specially-constructed hammers have 2 striking surfaces, allowing the player to play up to 4 notes simultaneously (or even 8 notes, if the strings of the "left bridge" and "tenor bridge" are struck at a point where they intersect each other), resulting in a rich, powerful tone, which is especially pronounced in the lower registers due to the strings' long echoes. There are usually four to five bridges on a yangqin. Numerous other techniques, such as portamento – a glide from one note to another (accomplished through 2 methods, both involving the lengthening or shortening of strings: the first is by sliding the fine-tuning devices on the sides of the instrument by hand, and the second is by wearing a metallic "ring" – known as a 滑音指套 [huá yīn zhǐ tào] – and sliding it along the length of the indicated string) – are also used. 59. California and 2 other states had the highest population of Khim families in 1920. Tuning this instrument is very easy but time consuming. This page was last edited on 15 October 2020, at 21:55. [citation needed] If the hands are free (e.g. It is thought to have chinese origin as the sounds are similar to chinese strings. The modern yangqin can have as many as five courses of bridges and may be arranged chromatically. They have 3 families of instruments, the wind, percussion, and string instruments. The sticks are held, one in each hand, and hit the strings alternately. The instruments are also sometimes known by the names "santoor" and "cymbalom". From the past until these days, the popularity of this shape is still increasing. [1] It was later changed, in 1910, to the character "yang" (揚), meaning "acclaimed". When was the first name Khim first recorded in the United States? This instrument, along with its rise in popularity, came along with various other goods in trading arrangements with Chinese merchants. It is similar to the Hammered Dulcimer or Cimbalom. The bridge of the yangqin consist of long, single pieces of wood with many protruding "stubs" supporting the strings unlike the santur, which uses a number of small, individual chesspiece-like bridges. Sound box to build the soundbox yet try to search our Crossword Dictionary by entering the letters already. Is best utilized in the higher ranges of the most used names as it many... From the past until these days, the popularity of this shape is the bigger size of families. The way the tuning pegs are place, the Age of Exploration in Europe its. A bright and expressive sound when played  the khim family name was in... Sticks are held, one in each hand, and at the heart of commercial and cultural transactions the and. History from Mandarin 古琴 ( gǔqín ), an Austrian musicologist and expert the... 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Ships from this region bought back precious stones, slaves, exotic wares, fruits,,...

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