Exposure: Full sun to partial shade. Other common names include horsemint, wild bergamot, and Oswego tea. This widespread plant grows in prairies, roadsides and other sunny habitats from Arizona to Florida. Eastern bee balm blooms for at least 4 weeks in late spring and attracts a stream of butterflies and hummingbirds and other beneficial pollinators to the garden. The flowers have a tubular shape and are symmetrical, with a wider lower lip. Divide every 2 to 3 years as clumps die out in the center. Bee balm spreads by rhizomes, or underground stems, which makes them easy to split and divide. Staking: Taller cultivars of bee balm occasionally need staking, but usually the strong square stems do a good job of keeping it upright and stray outer stems can be cut off. Standard varieties contain Cambridge Scarlet, Blue Stocking, Panorama Mix, and Wild Bergamot. This variety is hardy in USDA zones 4 to 9. Height/Spread: Upright habit, 1-3 feet tall and 8-12 inches wide. It grows between 3 and 4 feet tall and performs best in full sun or partial shade in moderately fertile, humus-rich, moist but well-drained soil. There are many different varieties of the lemon balm plant. Monarda Barletti blooms consists of asymmetrical, two-lipped tubular flowers borne in dense, globular terminal heads, which rest upon a whorl of decorative bracts. The leaves are opposite on the square stems and dark green with reddish leaf veins and a coarsely toothed margin. Tolerates wet soil. I’ve found that herb gardeners are rarely solitary folks absorbed in pursuing perfect plants. This plant will grow in full to partial sun and very dry to average soil moisture. You can grow bee balm from seed, but it establishes quicker when planted from divisions from a friend’s garden or purchased plants from your local garden center. Bee Balm plants will produce gorgeous flowers, which typically open up to 2 or 3 inches wide. Pony bee balm is native to central and southwestern United States particularly great plains and Rocky Mountains. M. didyma has red-colored flowers, and contains the highest amounts of essential oils. These beautiful native perennials can grow several feet tall, and serve valuable nectar to butterflies and hummingbirds. It grows quickly during spring, reaching up to 3 feet high and blooms from May through July. Whether they are staked or not, the plants should be positioned behind shorter specimens that camouflage this feature. Bee Balm is deer resistant, easy to grow and will attract pollinators like bees, butterflies and hummingbirds to your garden. Varieties of Bee Balm There are many different cultivars (over 50) of bee balm available, so you have a lot of choice for size, color, etc. When sited properly and given good care, bee balm is a wonderful, easy-to-grow perennial for the home landscape. The seaside bee balm is a much-endangered species of the Monarda native to the coastal plains of Texas. In addition to the full-size plants, there are a few dwarf varieties with smaller bloom heights of 10″ to 12″ tall. Monarda also has a long history of medicinal uses by Native American tribes, American Eclectic physicians, the Shakers, and herbalist. It can be used for different purposes including nutritional and medicinal substances. The flowers come in a range of colours, including pinks, reds, lilacs, lavenders, whites, mauves and even blue-hued tones. This bee balm variety is resistant to powdery mildew, deer and rabbit. These colorful plants grow to be two to four feet tall although there are dwarf varieties … Bee balm, or Monarda didyma, and other monardas lure herb gardeners as surely as they lure bees. There are many different varieties of the Monarda species, and about 50 commercial cultivars commonly available. The plant blooms from early to late summer and grows 2 to 4 feet tall, depending on the variety. Still, the plant’s annoying predisposition to powdery mildew Full size varieties grow in clumps, with flowering tops that extend upwards of two to four feet tall. Frost-fighting plan: Bee balm is perennial in zones 4 to 9. Monarda is one of the best pollinator-attracting perennials for mid-Atlantic gardens. Special features of bee balmsEasy care/low maintenance document.write(''); Most of the commonly grown bee balm cultivars grow 2 1/2 to 4 feet tall. Monarda plants will grow anywhere between 10 inches and 48 inches tall. Tall bee balms are easy to grow, bushy magnets for butterflies and hummingbirds. Planting Bee Balm ... Each plant reaches up to 3 to 4 ft tall and spreads up to 2 to 3 ft. Dig a hole twice the diameter of the plant's container. Dwarf varieties are excellent for container gardens or up front in your flower border where you can appreciate the shaggy, tubular blooms of the bee balm flower. Full-sized varieties will grow about 2-4’ tall and will spread about the same distance. All about Bee Balm. Scarlet bee balm also referred to as the crimson beebalm, scarlet monarda or Oswego tea grows to 0.7-1.5 m in height, with the stems square in cross-section. Monarda blooms attract streams of butterflies, hummingbirds and other beneficial pollinators but they are deer and rabbit resistant. It grows in clumps of upright stems, up to 3 feet tall and performs best in full sun or partial shade in moderately fertile, humus-rich, moist but well-drained soil. Terms of Service apply. Balmy Lilac Bee Balm. Learn more about perennial Monardas today. Don’t soak the soil too much, or you may end up with root rot. Bee balm also known by its botanical name of, 20 Best Fertilizer For Roses & How To Use – (2021 Guide & Reviews), 20 Best Fertilizer For Hydrangeas & How To Use-(2021 Guide & Reviews), 8 Difference Between Aldose And Ketose With Examples, 8 Difference Between Reducing And Non-reducing Sugars (With Common Examples), 24 Popular Types Of Oak Trees (With Pictures & Profile), 20 Types Of Echeveria (With Picture & Profile). Let’s look at a short list of some of the types and the differences between them.Monarda bradburiana, ‘Eastern beebalm’This perennial variety has a lower cushion of rich green foliage, with lightly-toothed edges along oval leaves. Attract butterflies, bees and hummingbirds to your yard with Bee Balm flowers from Bluestone Perennials. Crown rot It grows 18 inches tall and 14 inches wide. Monarda (Bee Balm) are a showy group of native and hybridized wildflowers. Purple lace bee balm consists of deep purple-red flowers, borne in dense, globular terminal heads. Medi… Diseases: Mildew is common after flowering. Planting InstructionsPlant in spring or fall, spacing plants 1 to 2 feet apart. Bee balm is susceptible to powdery mildew disease, so select resistant varieties. Blooming for weeks from mid summer to early fall, they rest upon a whorl of decorative purple bracts and attract scores of butterflies and hummingbirds. Pests: Stalk borer. Monarda ‘Kardinal’ Bee balm consist of masses of brilliant raspberry red flowers, borne in dense, globular terminal heads. Mt. Marshall’s delight performs best in full sun or partial shade in moderately fertile, humus-rich, moist but well-drained soil. You can find dwarf varieties of 10.” Water thoroughly at the time of planting and ensure that air space is between plants to prevent powdery mildew, which is no fun at all! I only propagate Yarrow varieties (cultivars) that are sterile and must be grown from cuttings or divisions of the crown. Skip to Main Content Skip to Search Skip to Footer. Balmy Lilac Bee Balm Monarda didyma 'Balmy Lilac' Balmy Lilac grows smaller than old-fashioned varieties, shows off more flowers (in a lovely shade of lilac purple), and resists disease like a champ. All about Bee Balm. Standard-These Bee balm plants can grow up to 5 feet tall, making them the perfect choice for those areas of your garden that would benefit from fuller foliage and a bit of height. Bee balm is also attractive to bees, butterflies and hummingbirds. Some species tolerate wet soils, while others are adaptable to a wide range of soil moisture levels. The leaves are lanceolate to oblong, tapering at both ends with small hairs and small teeth. It grows 18 inches tall and 14 Cuba's trials primarily included varieties of the two most commonly used types of monarda, the aforementioned bee balm and a cousin called wild … Whether you call it bee balm, monarda, bergamot, or Oswego tea, this plant is a sure bet for bringing pollinators to the garden. A new bee balm collection called Well Bee-Haved, grows only 1 to 2 feet tall, is … Look for resistant varieties, thin plants, provide good air circulation. Gift Certificates 10% Off – Buy Now! Gift Certificates 10% Off – Buy Now! Monarda is a popular perennial plant used in bee and butterfly gardens. Some new varieties, though, are more compact and only grow up to 12 inches tall. dotted bee balm, dotted horsemint) Monarda punctata. Color: Flowers are pale yellow with tiny … Lemon Bee Balm. Just wait a year and you can transplant Check out these 10 ways to use Bee Balm … Refer to your seed packet to be sure of the height that your }, © 1972 - 2020 National Gardening Association, Times are presented in US Central Standard Time, Today's site banner is by mmolyson and is called "Sharing Lunch". Bee balm grows 2 to 4 feet tall and 1 1/2 to 3 feet wide. Growing Red Bee Balm . It typically takes 7 to 21 days for the seeds of this cultivar to germinate. Bee balm flowers open atop the stems throughout the summer and into early fall. Tall, Monarda 'Kardinal' (Bee Balm) is a clump-forming perennial boasting masses of brilliant raspberry red flowers, borne in dense, globular terminal heads. Attract butterflies, bees and hummingbirds to your yard with Bee Balm flowers from Bluestone Perennials. It also tolerates poor soils. if ($(window).width() < 1025) { Growing two to three feet tall, depending on the variety, it has a stem that is square, grooved and hard. Growing tip: Pinch plants in spring to promote branching and bushiness. I only propagate Yarrow varieties (cultivars) that are sterile and must be grown from cuttings or divisions of the crown. Jacob clines courtesy of ‘Bee Balm Jacob Cline and Hummingbirds’ on YouTube Wild Bergamots. When young plants or new spring growth reaches 1 foot tall, cut the plant back to 6 inches tall. Fine dense hairs cover much of the stem and leaves, and the Bee Balm roots are short, slender, creeping rhizomes. Bee balm is also attractive to bees, butterflies and hummingbirds. I’ve found that herb gardeners are rarely solitary folks absorbed in pursuing perfect plants. Monarda pringlei is immune to powdery mildew. There are also dwarf varieties that will only grow about 15-18” tall and spread about 2’. The plant has ragged, bright red tubular flowers borne on showy heads of about 30 together, with reddish bracts. Compiled below are some of the best bee balms for ornamental use. It blooms for weeks from mid-summer to early fall. A Roundup of Bee Balms for the Garden. Bluestone Perennials - Home. They flower in full sun to partial shade and grow best in moist soil. Lemon bee balm is easy to grow and often forms large colonies, it tolerates poor and rocky soils and actually prefers soil that is sandy or with limestone and requires little water and direct sunlight. Bee balm plant generally prefers moist, rich soil and a sunny location. This variety blooms for several weeks from mid-summer to early fall. Bee balm is also attracts bees and butterflies to your garden. This variety grows well in full sun or partial shade in moderately fertile, humus, moist but well-drained soil. Ongoing CareApply a thin layer of compost each spring, followed by a 2-inch layer of mulch to retain moisture and control weeds. Dwarf Varieties. Spotted Bee Balm is clump-forming, short lived perennial or biennial, boasting showy clusters of creamy purple-spotted tubular flowers resting upon pink, lavender or creamy bracts. Prepare garden bed by using a garden fork or tiller to loosen soil to a depth of 12 to 15 inches, then mix in a 2- to 4-inch layer of compost. Share to More. Blooming for weeks from mid-summer to early fall, they rest upon a whorl of decorative purple bracts. It consists of square stem, slender, serrated oppositely arranged leaves and creeping rhizomes that spread rapidly under the soil. Tall, Monarda 'Kardinal' (Bee Balm) is a clump-forming perennial boasting masses of brilliant raspberry red flowers, borne in dense, globular terminal heads. Eastern bee balm is a lovely purple variety that produces a lot of nectar. Full-sized varieties will grow about 2-4’ tall and will spread about the same distance. Spotted Bee Balm (syn. Seaside bee balm produces white blooms and blooms for at least 4 weeks in late spring and attracts a stream of butterflies and hummingbirds and other beneficial pollinators to the garden. Bee Balm (Monarda) is an old-fashioned favorite perennial. Common issues: Bee balm can get powdery mildew. Use a frost blanket to protect newly planted seedlings from late spring frosts. Keep reading to learn more about how to manage bee balm plants. The plant attracts pollinators, and is a good addition to homemade potpourris and lotions. Annual, all zones; can be grown as a short-lived perennial in mild-winter regions (zones 8 to 11). The Monarda (Bee Balm) varieties we carry have excellent mildew resistance. The color range can be anywhere between warm reds and cool blues. Bee balm is also called by its botanical name—Monarda, and is also called bergamot (because the scent is similar to the citrus fruit bergamot, an orange), and is also referred to as Oswego tea (the Oswego Indians made tea from the leaves). Like all bee balm, it will attract bees, butterflies, and if you’re lucky, hummingbirds. They are also one of the top rabbit-resistant plants for your garden. Most varieties of the bee balm plant are between 2 1/2 feet to 4 feet (76 cm. Remove spent flowers to keep plants looking tidy. About bee balmsBee balm flower colors include pink, red, and white; new double-flowered forms are also available. 'Petite Wonder' (pink flowers) and Petite 'Delight' (rose pink flowers) grow 10 and 15 inches tall, respectively. Most varieties of the bee balm plant are between 2 to 4 feet tall but there are also dwarf varieties less than 10 inches high. Red bee balm is part of the mint family, and its aromatic leaves have a minty fragrance. The most popular ones are listed below and explained in detail with their ideal growing conditions. Monarda (Bee Balm) are a showy group of native and hybridized wildflowers. Learn how to choose which variety of this flowering perennial will perform the best on your property. But an awful lot of bee balm varieties are naturally-growing wildflowers in the United States. Varieties of Bee Balm. This Monarda is typically resistant to powdery mildew. Alternately, pinch back regularly. 1. The flowers of this variety are in whorls that are very light lavender in color. 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Captivating border displays and provide a great impact when tall bee balm varieties in mass plantings one of the Monarda,... About 2-4 ’ tall and spread about the same distance variety rest upon a whorl decorative... Most popular ones fall under the right conditions arrange parallel to each other, from! Pollinators enjoy the summertime display identified bee balm varieties popular in gardens across North America and can grow up 12! Monarda Mashall ’ s 1 to 2 feet tall very dry to average soil moisture Footer. An inch or two above soil line other pollinators carefully fill in around the rootball and firm the too! Grown as a short-lived perennial in mild-winter regions ( zones 8 to 11 ) few hairs perennial for seeds...

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